Asia-Pacific Development Journal

English
Frequency
Semiannual
ISSN: 
2411-9873 (online)
DOI: 
10.18356/cb961558-en
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The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and aims to stimulate policy debate and assist policy formulation. The APDJ provides a scholarly means for bringing together research work by eminent social scientists and development practitioners from the region and beyond for use by a variety of stakeholders. The Journal aims to stimulate policy debate and assist policy formulation in the region.
 

Latest Articles Hide / Show all Abstracts

Mark Number Date Article Volume and Issue Click to Access
  07 Feb 2017 The administrative efficiency of conditional cash transfer programmes: evidence from the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program
Ma. Cecilia L. Catubig, Renato A. Villano, Brian Dollery

The present paper examines the administrative efficiency of implementing the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in the Philippines. Using data collected at a municipal level for four provinces in the Davao Region, administrative efficiency scores were computed, employing cost transfer ratios (CTR) and data envelopment analysis (DEA) for the individual municipal operations offices (MOOs) implementing the programme. CTR estimates showed that the greatest proportion of total expenditure in cash transfer programmes was direct cash transfers, which implied an efficient use of programme funding. The DEA results showed an average technical efficiency score of 0.905, which implied that there was significant potential to further improve the performance of delivery of 4Ps. The results revealed that relatively high technical efficiency scores of MOOs did not necessarily translate into a more cost-efficient implementation of the programme. Nevertheless, a positive correlation was found between CTR and the high technical efficiency scores of the MOOs implementing the programme.

Volume 23 Issue 1
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/50a83f5e-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/the-administrative-efficiency-of-conditional-cash-transfer-programmes-evidence-from-the-pantawid-pamilyang-pilipino-program_50a83f5e-en
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  07 Feb 2017 Impact of population on carbon emission: lessons from India
Chandrima Sikdar, Kakali Mukhopadhyay

The global population is more than seven billion and will likely reach nine billion by 2050. As India is home to 18 per cent of the world’s population, but has only 2.4 per cent of the land area, a great deal of pressure is being placed on all of the country’s natural resources. The increasing population has been trending towards an alarming situation; the United Nations has estimated that the country’s population will increase to 1.8 billion by the 2050 and, by 2028, it will overtake China as the world’s most populous country. The growing population and the environmental deterioration are becoming major impediments in the country’s drive to achieve sustained development in the country.

Volume 23 Issue 1
Click to Access: 
    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/b4c7cba0-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/impact-of-population-on-carbon-emission-lessons-from-india_b4c7cba0-en
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  07 Feb 2017 The impacts of climatic and non-climatic factors on household food security: a study on the poor living in the Malaysian East Coast Economic Region
Mahmudul Alam, Chamhuri Siwar, Abu N.M. Wahid

Sustainable food security at the household level is a national concern in many countries. The reasons for household food insecurity include, among others, social, economic, political, and personal factors, as well as climatic changes and its outcomes. This research aims to determine the linkage of the factors of climatic changes, non-climatic factors and household resiliencies with the level of household food security among the poor and low income households in Malaysia. The present study is based on primary data that were collected in July and October 2012 through a questionnaire survey of 460 poor and low-income households from the Pahang, Kelantan, and Terengganu States of Malaysia. The sample was selected from E-Kasih poor household database based on a cluster random sampling technique. Initially the study measures household food security according to the United States Agency for International Development – Household Food Insecurity Access (USAIDHFIA) model, and has run ordinal regressions under the logit and probit models. This study finds that household food insecurity is not only linked with social and economic factors, but also significantly linked with the climatic factors. Therefore, food security programmes must be integrated with the programmes for climatic change adaptation.

Volume 23 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/23802531-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/the-impacts-of-climatic-and-non-climatic-factors-on-household-food-security-a-study-on-the-poor-living-in-the-malaysian-east-coast-economic-region_23802531-en
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  07 Feb 2017 Food prices and the development of manufacturing in India
Richard Grabowski

Structural change associated with rapid growth has not occurred in labour-intensive manufacturing in India. It is argued in the present paper that this is at least partly due to the rise in the relative cost of labour, which is the result of the rising cost of food stemming from rapid overall growth and sluggish growth in agricultural productivity. A theoretical model has been developed and the experience of India is used to illustrate the model and its implications.

Volume 23 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/d489dd46-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/food-prices-and-the-development-of-manufacturing-in-india_d489dd46-en
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  07 Feb 2017 Does product diversification and emphasis on profitability in microfinancing alleviate poverty?
Gemunu Nanayakkara, Lokman Mia

Microfinancing institutions (MFIs) are likely to change their management policies and focus more on profitability and product diversification as they mature and expand in size because of a number of reasons, including among them, donor pressure and/or lack of funding to expand. The present study empirically tests whether such changes occur in MFIs over time and how these changes affect their performance with regard to alleviating poverty.

Volume 23 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/74992ef2-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/does-product-diversification-and-emphasis-on-profitability-in-microfinancing-alleviate-poverty_74992ef2-en
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  07 Feb 2017 Public spending on human capital formation and economic growth in Pakistan
Syed Ammad Ali, Qazi Masood Ahmed, Lubna Naz

This present paper captures the growth effects of public physical and human capital investment, which highlights the relative efficacy of these types of investments on sectoral and aggregate output, employment and private investment, and indicates which sector of the economy of Pakistan is benefiting the most from these investments. It uses the production function approach based on the Mankiw, Romer and Weil (1992) growth models and applied the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Square (FM-OLS) technique using data from the Pakistan economy during the period 1964-2013. The results show that human capital investment in the public sector has a positive significant effect in all models. The coefficient indicates that a 1 per cent change in human capital investment will increase the output of the manufacturing sector by 0.44 per cent; the output of the services sector by 0.15 per cent; the output of agriculture sector by 0.094 per cent; and the aggregate output by 0.027 per cent. The public physical investment has the highest impact on manufacturing sector output (0.084 per cent) followed by aggregate output (0.034 per cent). The estimated elasticities indicate that at the sectoral level, public human capital investment has a greater output effect than the public physical investment, while at the aggregate level, the public-physicalinvestment effect dominates.

Volume 23 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/e0721d59-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/public-spending-on-human-capital-formation-and-economic-growth-in-pakistan_e0721d59-en
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  27 Apr 2016 The role of fiscal sustainability in enhancing sustainable economic growth in South Asia: The case of Bangladesh
Tapan Kumar Sarker
The present paper examines the role of fiscal sustainability in achieving sustainable economic growth in the context of South Asia. Excessive government debts have long-term implications and can cause serious intergenerational consequences. In this paper, the role of fiscal sustainability is discussed and the concept of a “just tax system” is analysed. Such a tax system can play an important role in achieving economic growth that is sustainable, rather than being focused on short-term gain. Using the case of Bangladesh, the paper highlights some of the key imminent challenges to transforming a tax system to be more equitable and fair. It finds that current taxation systems are based on short-term frameworks and can leave future generations with the ultimate burden of dealing with the limitations of those systems. Based on the case study, which supports those facts, policymakers in South Asian countries could integrate longterm measures to ensure fiscal sustainability in achieving sustainable economic development.
Volume 22 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/77cb91d7-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/the-role-of-fiscal-sustainability-in-enhancing-sustainable-economic-growth-in-south-asia-the-case-of-bangladesh_77cb91d7-en
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  27 Apr 2016 The implementation of small and medium-sized enterprise development in the rice sector of Myanmar: Empirical research findings
Naylin Oo
This study has three objectives in assessing the implementation of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) development in the rice sector of Myanmar. This study attempted to (a) assess the current status of SME development in the rice sector; (b) identify the level of perceptions of the factors affecting the implementation of SME development in Myanmar; and (c) study the impact of policy implementation on different types of businesses in the rice sector of Myanmar. The factors include policy implementation, market access, financing accessibility, technology acceptance, entrepreneurial capability and internationalization. The conceptual framework was prepared and a questionnaire was designed based on these factors. Thirteen hypotheses were proposed in order to ascertain the factors. The study used active agents of SMEs in three top rice-growing regions of Myanmar as the target population for the primary data. In addition, the representatives of government agencies and business associations as well as relevant experts were alternative sources of data. All of the hypotheses were successfully tested and only 3 out of 13 were accepted. The findings revealed that the capability of implementers and local market access had a highly significant relationship with the income generation aspect of SME development, while financing accessibility and entrepreneurial capability exhibited strong significant influences on the employment generation aspect of SME development. The findings are applicable for policymakers, practitioners, implementers of SME development, and entrepreneurs in Myanmar and other developing countries.
Volume 22 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/3b3dce0b-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/the-implementation-of-small-and-medium-sized-enterprise-development-in-the-rice-sector-of-myanmar-empirical-research-findings_3b3dce0b-en
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  27 Apr 2016 The role of the financial sector in enhancing economic growth in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Kristina Spantig
The financial sector of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic has been developing rapidly in recent years in terms of financial depth, intermediation and distribution. A developed financial sector is the basis for dynamic economic growth. Yet, unsustainable financial liberalization and growth poses risks to financial sector stability. The present report scrutinizes the role of the financial sector in enhancing economic growth in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and aims to answer the question of adequate financial sector supervision with respect to the economy’s development. It is argued that only a prudentially supervised financial sector can enhance the economic growth performance of the country in the medium and long term.
Volume 22 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/f77afc41-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/the-role-of-the-financial-sector-in-enhancing-economic-growth-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic_f77afc41-en
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  27 Apr 2016 Production fragmentation in trade of manufactured goods in India: Prospects and challenges
Sadhana Srivastava, Rahul Sen
The present paper analyses the phenomenon of production fragmentation in trade of manufactured goods in India, using trade data at the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) 5-digit product level. It estimates production fragmentation through a decomposition of intra-industry trade in parts and components into horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade over the period 1994-2012. The paper at the product level finds that aircraft parts and automobile parts and the components industry are emerging areas of production fragmentation in manufactured goods trade over this sample period. It further observes that aircraft parts (SITC 79295) is the only parts and component product to undergo product fragmentation at the higher end of the global value chain and that the auto parts and components industry is found to be experiencing this primarily at the lower end of the value chain.
Volume 22 Issue 1
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    http://oecd.metastore.ingenta.com/content/c512ee88-en.pdf
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  • http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economic-and-social-development/production-fragmentation-in-trade-of-manufactured-goods-in-india-prospects-and-challenges_c512ee88-en
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