Human Development Report

2412-3129 (online)
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Human Development Reports (HDRs) have been released most years since 1990 and have explored different themes through the human development approach. They have had an extensive influence on development debate worldwide. The reports, produced by the Human Development Report Office for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), are ensured of editorial independence by the United Nation’s General Assembly
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Human Development Report 2002

Human Development Report 2002

Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World You do not have access to this content

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31 Dec 2002
9789210576918 (PDF)

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This report examines political participation as a dimension of human development. It emphasizes the importance of political freedoms as a goal of human development, and explores how democratic institutions help promote economic and social progress. The Report examines power, politics and human development and presents the imperatives for continuous strengthening of democratic capacity within and across governments, institutions, and communities-- rich and poor.
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  • Foreword
    This Human Development Report is first and foremost about the idea that politics is as important to successful development as economics. Sustained poverty reduction requires equitable growth—but it also requires that poor people have political power. And the best way to achieve that in a manner consistent with human development objectives is by building strong and deep forms of democratic governance at all levels of society.
  • Acknowledgements
    This Report could not have been prepared without the generous contributions of many individuals and organizations.
  • Overview: Deepening democracy in a fragmented world
    This Report is about politics and human development. It is about how political power and institutions—formal and informal, national and international—shape human progress. And it is about what it will take for countries to establish democratic governance systems that advance the human development of all people—in a world where so many are left behind.
  • The state and progress of human development
    Human development is about people, about expanding their choices to lead lives they value. Economic growth, increased international trade and investment, technological advance—all are very important. But they are means, not ends. Whether they contribute to human development in the 21st century will depend on whether they expand people’s choices, whether they help create an environment for people to develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives.
  • Democratic governance for human development
    Around the world, more people are recognizing that governance matters for development— that institutions, rules and political processes play a big role in whether economies grow, whether children go to school, whether human development moves forward or back. So, promoting human development is not just a social, economic and technological challenge: it is also an institutional and political challenge.
  • Deepening democracy by tackling democratic deficits
    The last two decades of the 20th century saw a historic shift in the global spread of democracy. Some 81 countries—29 in Sub-Saharan Africa, 23 in Europe, 14 in Latin America, 10 in Asia and 5 in the Arab states—took steps towards democratization. Often this meant the overthrow of an authoritarian one-party regime, the introduction of multiparty elections or both—a major advance. But the recent mixed experience with democracy in these countries— and around the world—shows that the process of deepening democracy and making it work for people has barely begun.
  • Democratizing security to prevent conflict and build peace
    Human development in its fullest sense requires democratic governance—with all people able to participate in the institutions and decisions that shape their lives and all those who hold power held accountable for their actions. Achieving human development also depends on peace and personal security.
  • Deepening democracy at the global level
    It has been said that the terrorist attacks of September 11 marked the end of the post–cold war era. Overnight, a broad range of simmering global challenges came to the surface, and the international community found itself in new and unfamiliar territory.
  • Notes
  • Bibliographic note
  • Bibliography
  • Human development indicators
  • Statistical references
  • Definitions of statistical terms
  • Classification of countries
  • Countries and regions that have produced human development reports
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