ECE Innovative Performance Review

English
ISSN: 
2412-477X (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/99608a88-en
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Innovation Performance Reviews are a major new focus of work for the Economic Cooperation and Integration Division. Initiated at the request of member state Governments, they are a participatory policy advisory service examining possible policy actions to stimulate innovation activities, enhance innovation capacity and improve the efficiency of national innovation systems. Reviews follow outlines agreed upon with requesting Governments, and are prepared in collaboration with international and national experts, and the  UNECE secretariat.
 
Innovation Performance Review of Ukraine

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English
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Author(s):
UNECE
21 Apr 2016
Pages:
150
ISBN:
9789210561709 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/c68b94f4-en

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The Innovation Performance Review of Ukraine contains the outcomes of a policy advisory exercise that drew on the experience accumulated by the UNECE in the identification of good practices and policy lessons in the area of knowledge-based development, with particular reference to the problems of countries with economies in transition. It provides a set of recommendations and policy options to stimulate innovation activity in the country, enhance its innovation capacity and improve the overall efficiency of the national innovation system.
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  • Foreword
    In modern, competitive economies, knowledge-based innovation is the foundation for economic development. Sustained growth and improved living standards can only be obtained by increasing productivity and introducing new and better products and services that compete successfully in the global market.
  • Preface
    The practical work on the Innovation Performance Review of Ukraine began in May 2012 with a preparatory mission by representatives of the UNECE secretariat to establish contacts and discuss the structure and content of the Review with the national authorities and other stakeholders. The main project mission took place from 9 to 16 September 2012 with the participation of a team, including representatives of the UNECE secretariat, international and national experts.
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • Executive summary
    The Innovation Performance Review of Ukraine provides a critical examination of the national innovation system (NIS), the institutional framework of innovation policy and the various mechanisms and instruments of public support for innovation in the country. On the basis of this broad assessment, a number of policy options and recommendations are offered to improve the innovation performance of the country and enhance the innovation capacities of stakeholders.
  • Recent economic and innovation performance
    Ukraine is a lower middle income economy, according to the World Bank classification, with a GDP per capita of around $3,700 in 2012 ($7,200 on a purchasing power parity basis). The country enjoys a favourable geographic position, has a well-educated labour force and a large domestic market.
  • National innovation system and innovation governance
    Chapter 2 firstly presents some basic concepts that will be used in the Innovation Performance Review of Ukraine. Secondly, it provides an assessment of the main components of the national innovation system (NIS) of Ukraine, including the key policymaking institutions. Finally, the chapter provides a number of conclusions and recommendations to improve the functioning of the NIS and its governance.
  • Framework conditions, innovation policies and instruments
    This chapter provides an overview of the conditions that support innovation, including the general features of the business environment. It introduces the strategies and recent programmes developed to promote innovation at the national and subnational (regional) levels. The chapter assesses the policy initiatives undertaken in terms of their relevance and effectiveness given the overall framework conditions in the country. On the basis of this assessment a number of policy recommendations are formulated
  • Knowledge generation and absorption
    This chapter presents the roles of the business sector and the science and technology system in the generation and absorption of knowledge in Ukraine. It concludes with some selected policy issues and recommendations.
  • Industry-science linkages and collaboration in the innovation process
    This chapter aims to identify and analyze existing mechanisms for interaction between academic institutions and enterprises. First, it introduces key actors and forms of innovation demand and supply interconnectivity, including selected framework conditions and intermediary structures. The chapter also assesses industry-science linkages (ISLs) on the basis of a systemic view of the national innovation system. Finally, a number of recommendations are made to improve the functioning of industry-science linkages.
  • Financing innovative entrepreneurs
    This chapter discusses the framework conditions for entrepreneurship in Ukraine, the challenges in raising finance and the main support measures. The first section outlines basic concepts used to classify entrepreneurial activities, and covers experiences from transition countries and Ukraine, respectively. The following sections consider the level of development of the financial system in Ukraine, which is analyzed firstly by discussing innovation financing, secondly by an overview of the banking system and its role in financing innovation and thirdly by an in-depth examination of the role public and private institutions, and the programmes they operate to foster innovation and entrepreneurship in Ukraine.
  • The role of innovation in international economic integration
    This chapter assesses the international dimension of innovation and the role of international economic cooperation in fostering innovation. Firstly, it analyzes the major channels of international exchange in the field of knowledge and technology transfer. Secondly, it looks at the institutional frameworks which support internationalization of the national economy and cooperation in areas related to innovation. Finally, it analyzes various international opportunities, including regional and international cooperation and development themes, which play an important role in Ukraine’s international economic integration. This analysis serves as the basis for a number of policy recommendations.
  • Prospective innovation-driven investment projects and information sources
    Private sector participation is important to innovation performance. Within the European Union, for example, the latest Innovation Union Scoreboard (2011) notes that top performing member states tend to have national research and innovation systems including a key role for business activity and public-private collaboration. It is therefore important that private actors are informed about priority areas for innovation policy, and also that policies are responsive to their needs. It is further noted that innovation leaders in the EU tend to perform well in terms of public-private co-publications per million population (i.e. strong linkages between the science base and enterprises), and in terms of commercialization of their technological knowledge.
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