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This publication highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their causes and drivers, and participation in crisis prevention, response and recovery. Beyond providing statistics, the trend analysis shows how the humanitarian landscape is evolving and how the humanitarian system can be more effective in a rapidly changing world. Data used in the report comes from a variety of sourcess. Highlights for 2015 include case studies on long-term trend analysis of the humanitarian context in terms of conflicts and natural disasters, the humanitarian footprint in the Middle East, coordination of online volunteers during the Ebola response and the anatomy of cycles of displacement.
- 29 Feb 2016
The impact of conflict on humanitarian action in the Middle East and North Africa Regional overview and country pages: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, oPt, Pakistan, Syria, Yemen
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The Middle East and North Africa region has witnessed an upsurge in violent conflict and displacement, particularly in the wake of the Arab revolutions. Since 2010, the number of conflicts, refugees and IDPs has grown in the region. Between 2009 and 2014, the number of conflicts increased by 35 per cent, from 55 to 74. In that same period, the number of IDPs more than doubled from 6.7 million to 15.6 million, while the number of refugees increased by nearly half from 5 million to 7.5 million. The upsurge in conflict has led to worrying patterns of sexual and gender-based violence targeting women, girls and minority groups. A convergence of factors related to culture, stigma and access to services all impact reporting, making it impossible to have an accurate picture of incidences, prevalence and dynamics.