Human Development Report

2412-3129 (online)
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Human Development Reports (HDRs) have been released most years since 1990 and have explored different themes through the human development approach. They have had an extensive influence on development debate worldwide. The reports, produced by the Human Development Report Office for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), are ensured of editorial independence by the United Nation’s General Assembly
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Human development report 2014

Human development report 2014

Sustaining human progress: reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience You do not have access to this content

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12 Aug 2014
9789210566599 (PDF)

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Over the last decades, most countries have improved levels of human development. But progress maybe slowing as uncertainty intensifies globally. This report examines vulnerabilities that endanger human development, focusing especially on the poorest. Most threats are structural and persistent and linked with life cycle vulnerabilities. Identifying policy measures to reduce threats and increase human resilience is therefore a high priority. The report sets out synergistic proposals including universal public provisioning of basic services over the life cycle to maintain and strengthen human capabilities, full employment and social protection policies. It highlights collective action and international cooperation to address global vulnerabilities and ensure sustainable progress.
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  • Foreword
    The 2014 Human Development Report—Sustaining Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience—looks at two concepts which are both interconnected and immenselyimportant to securing human development progress.
  • Acknowledgements
    The 2014 Human Development Report is the product of a collective effort by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report Office (HDRO) and many valued external advisors and contributors. However, the findings, analysis and policy recommendations of this Report, as with previous Reports, are those of the authors alone and do not represent the official viewpoint of UNDP, nor that of its Executive Board. The UN General Assembly has officially recognizedthe Human Development Report as “an independent intellectual exercise” that has become “an important tool for raising awareness about human development around the world.”
  • Overview
    As successive Human Development Reports have shown, most people in most countries have been doing steadily better in human development. Advances in technology, education and incomes hold ever-greater promise for longer, healthier, more secure lives.1 Globalization has on balance produced major human development gains, especially in many countries of the South. But there is also a widespread sense of precariousness in the world today—in livelihoods, in personal security, in the environment and in global politics.2 High achievements on critical aspects of human development, such as health and nutrition, can quickly be undermined by a natural disaster or economic slump. Theft and assault can leave people physically and psychologically impoverished. Corruption and unresponsive state institutions can leave those in need of assistance without recourse. Political threats, community tensions, violent conflict, neglect of public health, environmental damages, crime and discrimination all add to individual and community vulnerability.
  • Vulnerability and human development
    On Sunday, 26 December 2004, an earthquake off Sumatra triggered one of the worst disasters in recorded history. Some 230,000 people in 14 countries died, with incalculable damage to livelihoods and communities. Almost a decade later many people continue to struggle to regain their lives.
  • State of human development
    Almost all countries have improved human development over the past few decades, and billions of people are now doing substantially better. The 2013 Human Development Report (HDR) revealed that more than 40 developing countries—with the majority of the world’s population—had greater HDI gains than would have been predicted given their situation in 1990. Life expectancy at birth has increased due to lower infant and child mortality, fewer deaths due to HIV/AIDS and better nutrition. Education levels have risen on stronger investments and political commitment. Multidimensional poverty has been considerably reduced, though wide variation across countries and regions remains.
  • Vulnerable people, vulnerable world
    Almost everyone feels vulnerable at some point in life. But some individuals and some groups are more vulnerable than others due to varying exposure to social and economic conditions and at different stages of their life cycles, starting at birth. This Report is concerned with people facing the possibility of major deterioration in their circumstances as a result of adverse events. The interest is in examining how individual and social characteristics condition the impacts that people feel in response to persistent shocks and risks more generally. By focusing on enduring and systemic vulnerability, we then ask who is vulnerable and why. This leads us to examine some of the critical underlying factors that generate these impacts.
  • Building resilience: expanded freedoms, protected choices
    This Report has discussed persistent threats to human development and the nature of vulnerability. It has also discussed how individuals are more vulnerable during certain critical junctures in their lives than at other times and how social contexts can render some individuals more vulnerable than others. Crises in the form of natural disasters and violent conflict deplete the capacities and material assets of entire communities, rendering them even more vulnerable. Policies to reduce vulnerability must account for these factors.
  • Deepening progress: global goods and collective action
    This chapter focuses on the global aspects of vulnerability and how they link to national, community and individual vulnerabilities. It calls attention to the manifestations of vulnerability that accompany wider and deeper interdependence. And it takes the position that far more can be done to make globalization work for people.
  • Notes
  • References
  • Statistical annex
    The 17 statistical tables of this annex provide an overview of key aspects of human development. The first six tables contain the family of composite human development indices and their components estimated by the Human Development Report Office (HDRO). The remaining tables present a broader set of indicators related to human development.
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