International Trade Statistics Yearbook (Ser. G)

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ISSN: 
2412-1355 (online)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/e9aba95b-en
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This publication is issued in two volumes which offer a comprehensive view of the topic. Volume I: Trade by Country, compiled in May of each year, presents detailed data on imports and exports by commodity and trading partner. Volume II: trade by Commodity contains the detailed tables showing international trade for a variety of commodities and world trade tables covering trade values and indices. The presented data, charts and analyses will benefit policymakers, government agencies, the business and finance sectors, non-government organizations, civil society organizations, journalists, academics, researchers, students and anyone who is interested in trade issues.
 
International Trade Statistics Yearbook 2013, Volume I

International Trade Statistics Yearbook 2013, Volume I

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16 Jan 2015
Pages:
426
ISBN:
9789210566988 (PDF)
http://dx.doi.org/10.18356/812d8b13-en

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The 2013 International Trade Statistics Yearbook, Volume I provides an overview of the international trade merchandise trade in 2013 and detailed information on the trade performance for numerous countries up to 2013. Overall, data for a total of 175 countries (or areas) are shown with the 2013 data on imports and exports by commodity and trading partner provided for approximately 90 countries (or areas), representing more than 70% of world trade of 2013. The goal is to provide a more analytical and condensed view of trade by using graphs, overview tables and descriptive text.

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  • Preface
    The 2013 International Trade Statistics Yearbook (2013 ITSY) is the sixty-second edition of this yearbook. Its objective is to inform about the detailed merchandise and services imports and exports of individual countries (areas) by commodity and service category and by partner country (volume I), the world trade in individual commodities (3-digit SITC groups) (volume II) and total world merchandise trade - up to the year 2013. The two volumes are prepared at different points in time during 2014: Volume I - Trade by Country is made electronically available in June, and Volume II - Trade by Commodity, in December, as the preparation of the tables in Volume II requires additional country data which, normally, become available later in the year.
  • Introduction
    The International Trade Statistics Yearbook: Volume I - Trade by Country, provides an overview of the latest trends of trade in goods and services of most countries and areas in the world. The publication is aimed at both specialist trade data users and common audience at large. The presented data, charts and analyses will benefit policy makers, government agencies, non-government organizations, civil society organizations, journalists, academics, researchers, students, businesses and anyone who is interested in trade issues.
  • Abbreviations and Explanation of symbols
    Names of some countries (or areas) or groups of countries (or areas) and of some commodities or groups of commodities have been abbreviated. Exact titles of countries or commodities can be found in various editions of the following publications
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    • Afghanistan
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Afghanistan increased substantially by 14.1 percent to reach 428.9 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.9 percent to reach 6.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 5.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). Merchandise exports in Afghanistan were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Afghanistan decreased substantially by 12.1 percent, reaching 3.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 73.8 percent and reached 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 817.0 mln US$.
    • Albania
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Albania increased substantially by 18.5 percent to reach 2.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports stagnated at 4.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 2.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Albania were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Albania increased moderately by 5.6 percent, reaching 2.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 12.0 percent and reached 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 188.2 mln US$.
    • Algeria
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Algeria decreased moderately by 8.2 percent to reach 66.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 9.0 percent to reach 54.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 11.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 14.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Algeria were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Algeria increased moderately by 6.8 percent, reaching 4.0 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 11.8 percent and reached 11.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 7.0 bln US$.
    • Antigua and Barbuda
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Antigua and Barbuda decreased slightly by 0.1 percent to reach 29.0 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 28.0 percent to reach 339.5 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 310.5 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -170.9 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Antigua and Barbuda were diversified amongst partners; imports were highly concentrated. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Antigua and Barbuda increased slightly by 0.2 percent, reaching 482.5 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 3.2 percent and reached 204.1 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 278.4 mln US$.
    • Argentina
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Argentina decreased moderately by 5.3 percent to reach 76.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 7.5 percent to reach 73.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -5.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Argentina were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 26 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Argentina decreased slightly by 3.0 percent, reaching 15.2 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.1 percent and reached 18.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 3.5 bln US$.
    • Armenia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Armenia increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 1.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.3 percent to reach 4.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 2.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG CIS at -983.0 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Armenia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Armenia decreased slightly by 0.1 percent, reaching 823.3 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 1.7 percent and reached 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 331.4 mln US$.
    • Aruba
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Aruba increased substantially by 14.3 percent to reach 173.1 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.0 percent to reach 1.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -570.3 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Aruba were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Aruba increased slightly by 4.8 percent, reaching 1.8 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 2.8 percent and reached 820.1 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 938.5 mln US$.
    • Australia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Australia decreased slightly by 1.6 percent to reach 252.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 7.2 percent to reach 232.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 19.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at 55.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Australia were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Australia increased slightly by 2.8 percent, reaching 53.2 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 4.4 percent and reached 64.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 11.0 bln US$.
    • Austria
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Austria decreased moderately by 6.3 percent to reach 158.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 7.0 percent to reach 169.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 10.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -12.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Austria were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Austria decreased slightly by 1.0 percent, reaching 60.5 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.5 percent and reached 42.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 18.1 bln US$.
    • Azerbaijan
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Azerbaijan increased slightly by 0.3 percent to reach 23.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 11.6 percent to reach 10.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 13.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 7.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Azerbaijan were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Azerbaijan increased substantially by 57.4 percent, reaching 4.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 26.1 percent and reached 7.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 2.9 bln US$.
    • Bahamas
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of the Bahamas increased substantially by 14.0 percent to reach 828.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.9 percent to reach 3.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 2.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -2.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Bahamas were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Bahamas increased moderately by 5.2 percent, reaching 2.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 19.0 percent and reached 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.2 bln US$.
    • Bahrain
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Bahrain increased substantially by 40.5 percent to reach 22.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 10.3 percent to reach 17.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 4.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -4.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bahrain were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Bahrain increased substantially by 10.8 percent, reaching 4.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 9.4 percent and reached 1.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 2.1 bln US$.
    • Bangladesh
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Bangladesh increased substantially by 26.4 percent to reach 24.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 35.1 percent to reach 41.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 16.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -15.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bangladesh were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Bangladesh decreased slightly by 1.1 percent, reaching 2.3 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 3.7 percent and reached 4.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 2.6 bln US$.
    • Barbados
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Barbados decreased substantially by 17.5 percent to reach 467.4 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.1 percent to reach 1.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -536.1 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Barbados were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Barbados increased substantially by 34.2 percent, reaching 569.0 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 3.5 percent and reached 661.0 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 92.0 mln US$.
    • Belarus
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Belarus decreased substantially by 18.5 percent to reach 37.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 7.4 percent to reach 42.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 5.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -2.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Belarus were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were highly concentrated. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Belarus increased substantially by 12.5 percent, reaching 5.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 15.3 percent and reached 3.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 2.3 bln US$.
    • Belgium
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Belgium increased substantially by 14.5 percent to reach 511.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 11.5 percent to reach 488.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 23.1 bln US$, which is the largest surplus in the last decade (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 31.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). EU remains by far the largest trading partner, but the share of trade with EU dropped from 73.4% in 2008 to 68.3% in 2013. Merchandise exports in Belgium were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Belgium increased slightly by 3.4 percent, reaching 101.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.0 percent and reached 91.6 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 10.0 bln US$, up slightly from 9.3 bln US$ in 2011.
    • Belize
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Belize decreased substantially by 14.1 percent to reach 340.4 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.4 percent to reach 880.3 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 539.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -232.4 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Belize were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Belize increased substantially by 21.4 percent, reaching 413.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 21.5 percent and reached 188.1 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 224.8 mln US$.
    • Benin
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of Benin increased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 434.5 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 3.5 percent to reach 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -622.2 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Benin were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Benin decreased moderately by 6.8 percent, reaching 350.9 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 10.3 percent and reached 567.3 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 216.4 mln US$.
    • Bermuda
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Bermuda increased substantially by 125.5 percent to reach 21.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 14.7 percent to reach 994.6 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 972.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -799.6 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bermuda were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Bermuda decreased slightly by 2.3 percent, reaching 1.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 1.0 percent and reached 976.8 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 424.8 mln US$.
    • Bhutan
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Bhutan increased moderately by 9.5 percent to reach 453.0 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 23.2 percent to reach 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 598.8 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at -395.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bhutan were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Bhutan increased substantially by 20.4 percent, reaching 96.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 16.7 percent and reached 132.6 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 36.4 mln US$.
    • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Plurinational State of Bolivia increased slightly by 3.5 percent to reach 12.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 25.4 percent to reach 10.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 1.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at 3.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Plurinational State of Bolivia were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Plurinational State of Bolivia increased moderately by 7.3 percent, reaching 944.2 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 11.0 percent and reached 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 1.0 bln US$.
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Bosnia and Herzegovina increased substantially by 10.2 percent to reach 5.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 10.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 4.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bosnia and Herzegovina were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Bosnia and Herzegovina decreased moderately by 7.1 percent, reaching 1.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 10.3 percent and reached 514.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 617.2 mln US$.
    • Botswana
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Botswana increased slightly by 1.5 percent to reach 6.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 10.4 percent to reach 8.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -4.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Botswana were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Botswana decreased substantially by 41.3 percent, reaching 304.3 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 22.1 percent and reached 670.3 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 366.0 mln US$.
    • Brazil
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Brazil decreased slightly by 0.2 percent to reach 242.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 7.4 percent to reach 239.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 2.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at 12.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Brazil were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 27 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Brazil increased slightly by 4.3 percent, reaching 39.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 6.3 percent and reached 80.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 41.0 bln US$.
    • Brunei Darussalam
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Brunei Darussalam was 13.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports were 3.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 9.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at 7.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Brunei Darussalam was moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Brunei Darussalam increased moderately by 5.5 percent, reaching 914.9 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.3 percent and reached 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 519.3 mln US$.
    • Bulgaria
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Bulgaria increased substantially by 10.5 percent to reach 29.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.8 percent to reach 34.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 4.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG CIS at -5.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Bulgaria were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Bulgaria decreased slightly by 0.9 percent, reaching 7.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.8 percent and reached 4.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 3.0 bln US$.
    • Burkina Faso
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Burkina Faso increased substantially by 79.5 percent to reach 2.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased by 17.5 percent to reach 2.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 94.0 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 991.4 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Burkina Faso were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Burkina Faso increased substantially by 30.2 percent, reaching 395.2 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 17.1 percent and reached 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 685.8 mln US$.
    • Burundi
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Burundi increased substantially by 22.7 percent to reach 242.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 11.0 percent to reach 1.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 760.4 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -342.9 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Burundi were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Burundi decreased substantially by 17.2 percent, reaching 92.0 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.3 percent and reached 211.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 119.5 mln US$.
    • Cabo Verde
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Cabo Verde increased substantially by 24.1 percent to reach 69.2 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 3.8 percent to reach 726.4 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 657.1 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -513.1 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Cabo Verde were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Cabo Verde increased substantially by 26.4 percent, reaching 577.9 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.4 percent and reached 318.8 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 259.1 mln US$.
    • Cambodia
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Cambodia increased substantially by 16.9 percent to reach 7.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 15.0 percent to reach 7.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 775.5 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 2.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Cambodia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Cambodia increased moderately by 7.3 percent, reaching 1.7 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 6.2 percent and reached 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 662.7 mln US$.
    • Cameroon
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Cameroon increased substantially by 99.1 percent to reach 4.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 28.4 percent to reach 6.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -1.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Cameroon were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Cameroon decreased substantially by 12.4 percent, reaching 1.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 7.4 percent and reached 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 500.4 mln US$.
    • Canada
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Canada increased slightly by 0.7 percent to reach 456.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.1 percent to reach 461.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 5.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 101.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Canada were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The United States and China accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Canada decreased slightly by 1.2 percent, reaching 79.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.4 percent and reached 106.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). The trade in services deficit grew to its highest point since 2000, at 27.0 bln US$ in 2012.
    • Central African Republic
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the Central African Republic increased substantially by 15.7 percent to reach 103.9 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.3 percent to reach 214.7 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 110.8 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -57.2 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Central African Republic were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Central African Republic increased moderately by 6.3 percent, reaching 69.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 14.5 percent and reached 179.0 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 109.9 mln US$.
    • Chile
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Chile decreased slightly by 1.2 percent to reach 77.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.2 percent to reach 79.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -6.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Chile were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Chile decreased slightly by 3.9 percent, reaching 12.6 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 4.1 percent and reached 15.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 2.4 bln US$.
    • China
      China is the top exporter of the world and in 2013 its value of export was 1.4 times the value of exports of USA, the second largest exporter. In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of China increased moderately by 7.8 percent to reach 2209.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 7.2 percent to reach 1950.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 259.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 219.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in China were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 24 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of China increased slightly by 2.9 percent, reaching 191.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.5 percent and reached 281.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). The trade in services deficit grew to 89.8 bln US$ from 61.6 bln US$ in 2011.
    • China, Hong Kong SAR
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of China, Hong Kong SAR increased moderately by 8.2 percent to reach 492.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 8.3 percent to reach 553.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade deficit grew to 60.6 bln US$, up from the merchandise trade deficit in 2011 of 55.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -38.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in China, Hong Kong SAR were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of China, Hong Kong SAR increased by 12.0 percent, reaching 118.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased by 10.3 percent and reached 56.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 62.6 bln US$, up from the trade in services surplus in 2011 of 55.2 bln US$.
    • China, Macao SAR
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of China, Macao SAR increased substantially by 17.3 percent to reach 1.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 13.3 percent to reach 9.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 8.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -3.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in China, Macao SAR were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of China, Macao SAR increased substantially by 39.0 percent, reaching 39.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 41.1 percent and reached 10.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 29.5 bln US$.
    • Colombia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Colombia decreased slightly by 2.4 percent to reach 58.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.2 percent to reach 59.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 559.3 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -6.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports and imports in Colombia were diversified amongst partners. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Colombia increased moderately by 8.4 percent, reaching 5.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.1 percent and reached 10.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 5.5 bln US$.
    • Comoros
      In 2009, the value of merchandise exports of Comoros increased substantially by 132.2 percent to reach 12.6 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 11.4 percent to reach 181.5 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 169.0 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -57.0 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Comoros were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Comoros increased moderately by 5.0 percent, reaching 92.9 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.0 percent and reached 44.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 48.4 mln US$.
    • Congo
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of the Congo decreased substantially by 15.7 percent to reach 6.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 1.7 percent to reach 4.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 2.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at 1.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Congo were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Congo increased slightly by 3.2 percent, reaching 488.5 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.9 percent and reached 5.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 4.6 bln US$.
    • Cook Islands
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the Cook Islands decreased substantially by 39.5 percent to reach 3.1 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 20.6 percent to reach 109.3 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 106.2 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at -88.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports and imports in the Cook Islands were highly concentrated amongst partners. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). No trade in services data is available.
    • Costa Rica
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Costa Rica increased slightly by 2.0 percent to reach 11.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 1.2 percent to reach 18.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 6.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -4.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Costa Rica were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were highly concentrated. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Costa Rica increased substantially by 10.3 percent, reaching 5.5 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 12.5 percent and reached 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 3.5 bln US$.
    • Côte d’Ivoire
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Côte d’Ivoire decreased slightly by 1.7 percent to reach 10.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 45.4 percent to reach 9.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Côte d’Ivoire were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Côte d’Ivoire decreased substantially by 11.3 percent, reaching 926.4 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.3 percent and reached 2.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 1.7 bln US$.
    • Croatia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Croatia decreased slightly by 3.6 percent to reach 11.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.6 percent to reach 21.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 9.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -8.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Croatia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Croatia decreased moderately by 5.6 percent, reaching 11.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.4 percent and reached 3.6 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 8.3 bln US$. See footnote.
    • Cyprus
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Cyprus increased substantially by 17.1 percent to reach 2.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 13.4 percent to reach 6.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 4.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -3.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Cyprus were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Cyprus decreased moderately by 8.9 percent, reaching 7.9 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.3 percent and reached 3.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 4.3 bln US$.
    • Czech Republic
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Czech Republic increased slightly by 2.9 percent to reach 161.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.6 percent to reach 142.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 19.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 37.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Czech Republic were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Czech Republic decreased slightly by 4.7 percent, reaching 22.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.6 percent and reached 19.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 2.5 bln US$.
    • Denmark
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Denmark increased slightly by 4.0 percent to reach 110.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.7 percent to reach 97.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 12.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 3.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Denmark were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Denmark decreased slightly by 0.6 percent, reaching 66.0 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.7 percent and reached 58.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 7.9 bln US$.
    • Djibouti
      In 2009, the value of merchandise exports of Djibouti was 363.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports was 647.6 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 283.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -166.9 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Djibouti were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Djibouti decreased slightly by 3.0 percent, reaching 325.6 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 37.8 percent and reached 163.1 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 162.5 mln US$.
    • Dominica
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Dominica amounted to 37.0 mln US$, while its merchandise imports reached 211.9 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 174.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -81.2 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Dominica were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Dominica decreased substantially by 19.8 percent, reaching 124.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.6 percent and reached 67.6 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 56.5 mln US$.
    • Dominican Republic
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Dominican Republic increased substantially by 12.9 percent to reach 6.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.8 percent to reach 19.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 12.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -4.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Dominican Republic were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Dominican Republic increased slightly by 3.6 percent, reaching 5.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.1 percent and reached 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 3.1 bln US$.
    • Ecuador
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Ecuador increased slightly by 4.6 percent to reach 25.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 7.4 percent to reach 27.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -5.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Ecuador were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Ecuador increased substantially by 14.0 percent, reaching 1.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.1 percent and reached 3.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 1.4 bln US$.
    • Egypt
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Egypt decreased slightly by 2.2 percent to reach 28.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 4.6 percent to reach 66.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 37.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -13.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Egypt were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 25 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Egypt increased substantially by 13.7 percent, reaching 21.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 16.9 percent and reached 16.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 5.3 bln US$. See footnote.
    • El Salvador
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of El Salvador increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 5.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.9 percent to reach 10.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 5.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -1.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in El Salvador were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of El Salvador increased substantially by 23.0 percent, reaching 1.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.0 percent and reached 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 135.4 mln US$.
    • Estonia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Estonia increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 18.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.7 percent to reach 19.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 1.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Estonia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Estonia decreased slightly by 1.3 percent, reaching 5.5 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.6 percent and reached 3.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.6 bln US$.
    • Ethiopia
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Ethiopia increased by 10.6 percent to reach 2.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 33.9 percent to reach 11.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 9.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -2.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Ethiopia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Ethiopia decreased slightly by 2.6 percent, reaching 2.7 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 4.4 percent and reached 3.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 793.8 mln US$.
    • Faeroe Islands
      In 2009, the value of merchandise exports of Faeroe Islands decreased by 10.6 percent to reach 761.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 20.7 percent to reach 783.4 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 21.7 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -76.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Faeroe Islands were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Faeroe Islands increased moderately by 8.4 percent, reaching 207.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 7.6 percent and reached 394.6 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 187.6 mln US$.
    • Fiji
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Fiji increased substantially by 14.1 percent to reach 1.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.2 percent to reach 2.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 1.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -827.5 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Fiji were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Fiji increased slightly by 4.4 percent, reaching 1.2 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 6.4 percent and reached 570.8 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 637.5 mln US$.
    • Finland
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Finland increased slightly by 1.9 percent to reach 74.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.7 percent to reach 77.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG CIS at -6.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Finland were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 20 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Finland decreased slightly by 3.0 percent, reaching 28.2 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 4.3 percent and reached 30.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 1.9 bln US$.
    • France including Monaco
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of France increased slightly by 1.9 percent to reach 566.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.8 percent to reach 668.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 101.8 bln US$ (see graph 1), a slight reduction of the deficit in 2012 of 106.7 bln US$. The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -58.5 bln US$ (see graph 4), but the share of trade with the EU has decreased in the last decade from 63.9 percent in 2000 to 58.6 percent in 2013. Merchandise exports in France were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 25 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of France decreased moderately by 8.1 percent, reaching 216.3 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 9.0 percent and reached 174.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services surplus of 41.9 bln US$, slightly down from 43.8 bln US$ in 2011.
    • French Polynesia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of French Polynesia increased moderately by 9.0 percent to reach 151.5 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.4 percent to reach 1.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -673.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in French Polynesia were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of French Polynesia decreased slightly by 4.4 percent, reaching 861.1 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 15.6 percent and reached 504.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 356.6 mln US$.
    • Gabon
      In 2009, the value of merchandise exports of Gabon decreased substantially by 44.0 percent to reach 5.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.4 percent to reach 2.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 2.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Gabon were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Gabon increased substantially by 15.3 percent, reaching 172.2 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 12.8 percent and reached 1.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 1.1 bln US$.
    • Gambia
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the Gambia increased substantially by 170.8 percent to reach 94.7 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 20.6 percent to reach 343.7 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 249.0 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -83.0 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Gambia were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of the Gambia increased substantially by 75.1 percent, reaching 153.8 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 4.6 percent and reached 68.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 85.5 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Georgia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Georgia increased substantially by 22.4 percent to reach 2.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 7.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 5.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Georgia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Georgia increased substantially by 26.5 percent, reaching 2.5 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 14.4 percent and reached 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.1 bln US$.
    • Germany
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Germany increased slightly by 3.0 percent to reach 1458.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.8 percent to reach 1194.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). However, the value of exports was still short of its peak in 2011 at 1482.2 bln US$. The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 264.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 159.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Germany were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Germany decreased slightly by 1.2 percent, reaching 270.6 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.7 percent and reached 295.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services deficit of 25.3 bln US$.
    • Ghana
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Ghana decreased substantially by 17.0 percent to reach 15.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 28.5 percent to reach 10.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 5.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Ghana were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Ghana increased substantially by 74.2 percent, reaching 3.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 15.5 percent and reached 4.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 977.0 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Greece
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Greece increased slightly by 3.1 percent to reach 36.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 1.9 percent to reach 61.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 24.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -12.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Greece were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 24 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Greece decreased substantially by 11.0 percent, reaching 35.4 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 18.1 percent and reached 15.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 19.5 bln US$.
    • Greenland
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Greenland increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 490.1 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 3.9 percent to reach 822.1 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 332.1 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -305.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Greenland were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2006, the value of exports of services of Greenland decreased moderately by 9.8 percent, reaching 203.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 6.4 percent and reached 315.1 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 112.1 mln US$.
    • Grenada
      In 2008, the value of merchandise exports of Grenada was 30.5 mln US$, while in 2009, its merchandise imports was 281.8 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). In 2008, the merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 338.8 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -144.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Grenada were moderately concentrated amongst partners and the top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Grenada increased slightly by 2.9 percent, reaching 163.7 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 4.8 percent and reached 95.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 68.3 mln US$.
    • Guatemala
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Guatemala decreased slightly by 0.6 percent to reach 10.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.1 percent to reach 17.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 7.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -2.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Guatemala were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Guatemala increased slightly by 3.3 percent, reaching 2.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.3 percent and reached 2.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 52.0 mln US$.
    • Guyana
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Guyana increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 1.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 7.3 percent to reach 1.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 666.8 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -382.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Guyana were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Guyana increased substantially by 45.6 percent, reaching 248.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 26.2 percent and reached 343.8 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 95.8 mln US$.
    • Honduras
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Honduras increased substantially by 41.7 percent to reach 5.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.2 percent to reach 8.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 3.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -2.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Honduras were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Honduras increased moderately by 6.4 percent, reaching 1.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 4.6 percent and reached 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 465.5 mln US$.
    • Hungary
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Hungary increased moderately by 5.1 percent to reach 108.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.0 percent to reach 99.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 9.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 9.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Hungary were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Hungary decreased moderately by 7.2 percent, reaching 20.4 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 9.0 percent and reached 16.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 4.4 bln US$.
    • Iceland
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Iceland decreased slightly by 1.2 percent to reach 5.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.3 percent to reach 4.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 216.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Iceland were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Iceland increased substantially by 19.2 percent, reaching 3.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 18.3 percent and reached 2.6 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 358.8 mln US$.
    • India
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of India increased substantially by 16.2 percent to reach 336.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 4.7 percent to reach 466.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 129.4 bln US$ which was the smallest since 2009 (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -65.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in India were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 30 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of India increased moderately by 5.3 percent, reaching 146.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.3 percent and reached 128.8 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services surplus of 17.3 bln US$, up from the trade in services surplus of 14.0 bln US$ in 2011.
    • Indonesia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Indonesia decreased slightly by 3.9 percent to reach 182.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.6 percent to reach 186.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 4.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -13.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Indonesia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Indonesia increased substantially by 11.7 percent, reaching 23.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.8 percent and reached 30.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 7.6 bln US$. See footnote.
    • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the Islamic Republic of Iran increased substantially by 55.8 percent to reach 130.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 24.9 percent to reach 68.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 62.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at 55.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Islamic Republic of Iran were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Islamic Republic of Iran decreased substantially by 22.4 percent, reaching 6.7 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 23.9 percent and reached 13.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 6.3 bln US$.
    • Ireland
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Ireland decreased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 115.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.3 percent to reach 66.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 49.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 27.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Ireland were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Ireland increased slightly by 2.5 percent, reaching 116.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 3.2 percent and reached 111.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 4.1 bln US$, which is the first trade in services surplus record over the period from 2000 to 2012. In 2012, the value of exports of services almost equalled the value of exports of merchandise.
    • Israel
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Israel increased moderately by 5.8 percent to reach 66.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 1.5 percent to reach 72.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 5.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -9.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Israel were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Israel increased substantially by 12.7 percent, reaching 30.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.5 percent and reached 21.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 9.8 bln US$.
    • Italy
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Italy increased slightly by 2.4 percent to reach 513.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.6 percent to reach 476.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). Despite growth since 2009, the value of exports was still less than its peak in 2008 at 541.8 bln US$. The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 37.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 25.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Italy were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 29 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 25 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Italy decreased slightly by 2.2 percent, reaching 105.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 8.1 percent and reached 106.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). The decrease in imports was mostly attributable to declines in “Transportation” (EBOPS code 205), “Other business services” (EBOPS code 268) and “Travel” (EBOPS code 236). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 952.0 mln US$, down substantially from its trade in services deficit of 7.9 bln US$ in 2011.
    • Jamaica
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Jamaica increased moderately by 5.5 percent to reach 1.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.2 percent to reach 6.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 4.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -2.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Jamaica were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Jamaica increased slightly by 2.0 percent, reaching 2.7 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 4.3 percent and reached 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 638.9 mln US$.
    • Japan
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Japan decreased substantially by 10.5 percent to reach 715.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 5.9 percent to reach 833.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). In spite of yen depreciation, Japan trade deficit hit $112 billion in 2013 due lower exports in manufactured goods (see graph 1). This is the third straight year of deficit, and the largest deficit recorded. The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -126.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Japan were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Japan increased slightly by 0.1 percent, reaching 145.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.5 percent and reached 176.8 bln US$ (see graph 2). Japan also recorded trade in services deficit of 31.2 bln US$, the largest deficit in trade in services since 2004.
    • Jordan
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Jordan increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 7.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.1 percent to reach 21.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 13.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -4.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Jordan were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Jordan decreased moderately by 8.2 percent, reaching 5.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.8 percent and reached 4.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 285.0 mln US$.
    • Kazakhstan
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Kazakhstan decreased by 10.6 percent to reach 82.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 9.7 percent to reach 48.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 33.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 36.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Kazakhstan were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Kazakhstan increased moderately by 6.0 percent, reaching 4.5 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 3.6 percent and reached 10.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 6.4 bln US$.
    • Kenya
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of Kenya increased substantially by 15.8 percent to reach 5.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 18.5 percent to reach 12.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 6.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -1.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Kenya were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Kenya increased substantially by 18.1 percent, reaching 4.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 11.3 percent and reached 2.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 2.4 bln US$.
    • Kiribati
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Kiribati decreased substantially by 32.4 percent to reach 5.8 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 18.3 percent to reach 108.6 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 102.7 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at -56.1 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Kiribati were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Kiribati decreased moderately by 7.0 percent, reaching 4.8 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 14.2 percent and reached 50.0 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 45.2 mln US$.
    • Korea, Republic of
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Republic of Korea increased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 559.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.8 percent to reach 515.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance widened to a new high of 44.0 bln US$ in 2013 as its exports grew at a steady rate while imports dwindled (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -90.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Republic of Korea were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 20 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Republic of Korea increased substantially by 16.4 percent, reaching 110.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 7.0 percent and reached 108.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 2.7 bln US$, which is the first trade in services surplus recorded from 2000 to 2012.
    • Kuwait
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Kuwait increased substantially by 63.8 percent to reach 102.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 10.8 percent to reach 25.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 77.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -6.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Kuwait were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Kuwait increased slightly by 1.6 percent, reaching 10.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 9.8 percent and reached 19.6 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 9.6 bln US$.
    • Kyrgyzstan
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Kyrgyzstan decreased substantially by 14.9 percent to reach 1.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 26.1 percent to reach 5.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG CIS at -1.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Kyrgyzstan were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Kyrgyzstan increased substantially by 61.2 percent, reaching 1.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 23.1 percent and reached 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 20.9 mln US$.
    • Latvia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Latvia increased slightly by 4.8 percent to reach 13.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.8 percent to reach 16.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 3.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -3.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Latvia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Latvia increased slightly by 1.1 percent, reaching 4.5 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.8 percent and reached 2.6 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.9 bln US$.
    • Lebanon
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Lebanon decreased substantially by 11.5 percent to reach 3.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 21.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 17.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -8.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Lebanon were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Lebanon increased substantially by 12.9 percent, reaching 22.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.0 percent and reached 12.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 9.9 bln US$.
    • Lesotho
      In 2009, the value of merchandise exports of Lesotho increased substantially by 156.7 percent to reach 628.1 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased by 27.2 percent to reach 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 727.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -982.3 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Lesotho were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Lesotho increased substantially by 41.3 percent, reaching 63.5 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 6.1 percent and reached 174.9 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 111.4 mln US$.
    • Libya
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of Libya increased substantially by 33.7 percent to reach 36.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 37.4 percent to reach 17.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 18.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 22.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Libya were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Libya increased moderately by 6.5 percent, reaching 410.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 21.0 percent and reached 6.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 5.7 bln US$.
    • Lithuania
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Lithuania increased moderately by 10.0 percent to reach 32.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 9.2 percent to reach 35.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 2.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Lithuania were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Lithuania increased substantially by 13.4 percent, reaching 5.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.1 percent and reached 4.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.6 bln US$.
    • Luxembourg
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Luxembourg increased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 13.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 23.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 9.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -8.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Luxembourg were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Luxembourg increased slightly by 0.6 percent, reaching 72.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.3 percent and reached 42.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 30.0 bln US$.
    • Madagascar
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Madagascar increased substantially by 50.1 percent to reach 1.8 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 16.0 percent to reach 3.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -841.6 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Madagascar were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Madagascar increased substantially by 23.2 percent, reaching 1.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 16.8 percent and reached 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 19.3 mln US$.
    • Malawi
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Malawi was 1.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports was 2.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -954.1 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Malawi were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Malawi increased substantially by 21.3 percent, reaching 109.3 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 28.3 percent and reached 229.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 120.2 mln US$.
    • Malaysia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Malaysia increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 228.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.1 percent to reach 206.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 22.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at 11.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Malaysia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Malaysia increased moderately by 5.4 percent, reaching 37.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 9.4 percent and reached 42.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 4.3 bln US$.
    • Maldives
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Maldives increased substantially by 94.1 percent to reach 161.6 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased by 10.1 percent to reach 1.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -479.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Maldives were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Maldives increased substantially by 16.5 percent, reaching 768.5 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 7.0 percent and reached 306.3 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 462.2 mln US$.
    • Mali
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Mali increased moderately by 9.9 percent to reach 2.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.3 percent to reach 3.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 852.3 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -264.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mali were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Mali increased slightly by 4.5 percent, reaching 400.7 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 2.5 percent and reached 990.8 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 590.1 mln US$.
    • Malta
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Malta increased moderately by 7.0 percent to reach 5.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.8 percent to reach 7.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -3.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Malta were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Malta decreased slightly by 3.0 percent, reaching 4.9 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 4.9 percent and reached 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.8 bln US$.
    • Mauritania
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Mauritania decreased moderately by 6.1 percent to reach 2.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 33.9 percent to reach 4.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mauritania were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Mauritania decreased substantially by 23.2 percent, reaching 161.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 34.5 percent and reached 1.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 863.1 mln US$.
    • Mauritius
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Mauritius increased slightly by 3.8 percent to reach 2.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 6.5 percent to reach 5.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at -1.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mauritius were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Mauritius increased slightly by 3.8 percent, reaching 3.4 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.7 percent and reached 2.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.1 bln US$.
    • Mexico
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Mexico increased slightly by 2.6 percent to reach 380.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.8 percent to reach 381.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). Both export and import to the United States increased in 2013, but at rates far below average growth rates in recent years. Due to the high share of trade with the United States, weak economic growth and slow economic recovery in the United States have a great impact on Mexico’s trade performance. The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 112.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mexico were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Mexico increased slightly by 3.6 percent, reaching 16.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.9 percent and reached 30.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 14.3 bln US$, despite a small reduction compared with 2012.
    • Mongolia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Mongolia was 4.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports was 6.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG CIS at -1.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mongolia were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Mongolia increased substantially by 17.2 percent, reaching 486.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 39.9 percent and reached 780.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 294.5 mln US$.
    • Montenegro
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Montenegro increased moderately by 5.5 percent to reach 494.4 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 2.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -810.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Montenegro were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Montenegro increased slightly by 1.7 percent, reaching 1.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 11.9 percent and reached 494.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 787.1 mln US$.
    • Montserrat
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Montserrat increased substantially by 232.9 percent to reach 6.0 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased by 13.9 percent to reach 42.1 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 36.1 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -28.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Montserrat were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Montserrat increased substantially by 11.2 percent, reaching 13.3 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 1.4 percent and reached 18.2 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 4.9 mln US$.
    • Morocco
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Morocco decreased slightly by 1.1 percent to reach 21.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.2 percent to reach 44.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 23.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -8.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Morocco were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 20 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Morocco increased moderately by 6.2 percent, reaching 13.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.9 percent and reached 8.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 5.5 bln US$.
    • Mozambique
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Mozambique increased substantially by 16.0 percent to reach 4.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 63.5 percent to reach 10.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 6.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -2.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Mozambique were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Mozambique increased substantially by 50.9 percent, reaching 1.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 92.7 percent and reached 4.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 3.1 bln US$.
    • Myanmar
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of Myanmar was 7.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports was 4.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 3.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at 1.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Myanmar were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Myanmar increased substantially by 68.6 percent, reaching 612.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 38.2 percent and reached 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 478.2 mln US$.
    • Namibia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Namibia increased substantially by 17.9 percent to reach 6.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.2 percent to reach 7.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at -1.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Namibia were diversified amongst partners; imports were highly concentrated. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Namibia increased substantially by 55.1 percent, reaching 983.8 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 23.2 percent and reached 704.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 279.4 mln US$.
    • Nepal
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Nepal increased slightly by 3.8 percent to reach 907.6 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 15.6 percent to reach 5.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 5.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at -3.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Nepal were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Nepal decreased moderately by 9.8 percent, reaching 652.5 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 7.9 percent and reached 784.7 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 132.3 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Netherlands
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of the Netherlands increased slightly by 4.1 percent to reach 552.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.6 percent to reach 500.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 51.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 135.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Netherlands were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Netherlands decreased slightly by 3.6 percent, reaching 133.5 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.2 percent and reached 120.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 13.2 bln US$.
    • New Caledonia
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of New Caledonia decreased substantially by 22.0 percent to reach 1.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 12.2 percent to reach 3.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -817.9 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in New Caledonia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of New Caledonia increased slightly by 2.3 percent, reaching 497.7 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.2 percent and reached 1.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 876.0 mln US$.
    • New Zealand
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of New Zealand increased moderately by 5.1 percent to reach 39.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.6 percent to reach 39.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 15.2 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -3.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in New Zealand were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of New Zealand increased moderately by 9.7 percent, reaching 11.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 9.9 percent and reached 12.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 903.1 mln US$.
    • Nicaragua
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Nicaragua increased slightly by 1.0 percent to reach 4.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 8.8 percent to reach 5.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 904.7 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Nicaragua were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Nicaragua increased moderately by 7.4 percent, reaching 712.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 9.7 percent and reached 919.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 207.4 mln US$.
    • Niger
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Niger increased slightly by 2.3 percent to reach 1.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.7 percent to reach 1.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 376.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -334.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Niger were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of the Niger increased moderately by 8.7 percent, reaching 136.6 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 11.6 percent and reached 939.9 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 803.3 mln US$.
    • Nigeria
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Nigeria increased substantially by 13.9 percent to reach 143.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 43.9 percent to reach 35.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 107.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 42.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Nigeria were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Nigeria decreased substantially by 29.1 percent, reaching 2.4 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 2.6 percent and reached 24.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 21.7 bln US$.
    • Norway, including Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Norway decreased slightly by 4.8 percent to reach 153.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.1 percent to reach 90.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 63.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 67.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Norway were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Norway decreased substantially by 14.8 percent, reaching 38.6 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 18.1 percent and reached 36.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 1.8 bln US$.
    • Oman
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Oman increased substantially by 10.7 percent to reach 52.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 19.0 percent to reach 28.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 24.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -4.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Oman were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of Oman increased moderately by 8.7 percent, reaching 1.8 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 19.3 percent and reached 11.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 10.0 bln US$.
    • Pakistan
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Pakistan increased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 25.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.1 percent to reach 43.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 18.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -13.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Pakistan were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 24 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Pakistan increased substantially by 28.0 percent, reaching 6.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 1.0 percent and reached 8.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 1.6 bln US$.
    • Panama
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Panama increased slightly by 2.7 percent to reach 843.9 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.2 percent to reach 13.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 12.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -4.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Panama were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Panama increased substantially by 22.8 percent, reaching 8.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 14.1 percent and reached 3.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 5.1 bln US$. See footnote.
    • Papua New Guinea
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Papua New Guinea decreased substantially by 17.9 percent to reach 4.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 36.6 percent to reach 8.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 3.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -1.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Papua New Guinea were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were also moderately concentrated. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 8 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Papua New Guinea decreased substantially by 46.1 percent, reaching 195.6 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 11.1 percent and reached 1.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 1.7 bln US$.
    • Paraguay
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Paraguay increased substantially by 29.7 percent to reach 9.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.1 percent to reach 12.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -3.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Paraguay were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Paraguay increased moderately by 6.7 percent, reaching 166.5 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 19.1 percent and reached 296.0 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 129.5 mln US$.
    • Peru
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Peru decreased moderately by 8.9 percent to reach 41.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.6 percent to reach 43.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 1.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 4.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Peru were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Peru increased substantially by 17.5 percent, reaching 5.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.7 percent and reached 7.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 2.3 bln US$.
    • Philippines
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Philippines increased slightly by 3.8 percent to reach 54.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 65.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 11.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -5.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Philippines were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Philippines increased moderately by 9.4 percent, reaching 18.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 16.4 percent and reached 14.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 3.7 bln US$.
    • Poland
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Poland increased substantially by 11.2 percent to reach 199.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.4 percent to reach 201.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 30.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Poland were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Poland increased slightly by 1.0 percent, reaching 37.9 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 0.1 percent and reached 31.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 6.0 bln US$.
    • Portugal
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Portugal increased moderately by 7.7 percent to reach 62.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.0 percent to reach 75.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 12.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -10.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Portugal were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Portugal decreased moderately by 7.8 percent, reaching 24.6 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 16.0 percent and reached 13.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 11.2 bln US$.
    • Qatar
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Qatar increased substantially by 17.0 percent to reach 133.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports was 30.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 102.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at 35.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Qatar were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Qatar increased substantially by 34.2 percent, reaching 9.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 41.7 percent and reached 23.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 14.0 bln US$.
    • Republic of Moldova
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Republic of Moldova increased substantially by 11.0 percent to reach 2.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 5.4 percent to reach 5.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -995.3 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Republic of Moldova were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Republic of Moldova increased moderately by 6.2 percent, reaching 936.3 mln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 8.3 percent and reached 957.4 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 21.1 mln US$.
    • Romania
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Romania increased substantially by 13.8 percent to reach 65.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.5 percent to reach 73.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 7.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -9.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Romania were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 20 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Romania increased moderately by 7.1 percent, reaching 10.8 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 2.8 percent and reached 9.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 1.5 bln US$.
    • Russian Federation
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the Russian Federation increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 527.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 314.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 212.3 bln US$ (see graph 1), which was its largest ever. The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 109.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Russian Federation were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Russian Federation increased moderately by 7.0 percent, reaching 59.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 18.9 percent and reached 107.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services deficit of 48.0 bln US$.
    • Rwanda
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Rwanda increased substantially by 22.7 percent to reach 620.5 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.8 percent to reach 1.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -315.7 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Rwanda were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Rwanda decreased slightly by 1.2 percent, reaching 425.4 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 16.1 percent and reached 518.6 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 93.2 mln US$.
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Saint Kitts and Nevis increased substantially by 40.2 percent to reach 44.9 mln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 8.6 percent to reach 246.7 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 201.8 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -134.8 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Saint Kitts and Nevis were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Saint Kitts and Nevis increased substantially by 12.2 percent, reaching 194.3 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.7 percent and reached 119.6 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 74.7 mln US$.
    • Samoa
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Samoa decreased substantially by 18.4 percent to reach 62.1 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.1 percent to reach 366.6 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 304.5 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at -115.5 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Samoa were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Samoa increased substantially by 12.8 percent, reaching 193.0 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 28.8 percent and reached 100.2 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 92.8 mln US$.
    • Saudi Arabia
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Saudi Arabia increased moderately by 6.5 percent to reach 388.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 18.2 percent to reach 155.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 232.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at 204.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Saudi Arabia were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Saudi Arabia decreased slightly by 3.8 percent, reaching 11.0 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.9 percent and reached 73.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 62.4 bln US$. See footnote.
    • Senegal
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Senegal increased moderately by 5.3 percent to reach 2.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.5 percent to reach 6.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 4.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -2.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Senegal were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Senegal increased moderately by 6.2 percent, reaching 1.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 8.0 percent and reached 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 94.6 mln US$.
    • Serbia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Serbia increased substantially by 28.7 percent to reach 14.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 8.0 percent to reach 20.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 5.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -3.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Serbia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Serbia decreased moderately by 6.7 percent, reaching 3.3 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.7 percent and reached 3.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 240.8 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Singapore
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Singapore increased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 410.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 1.8 percent to reach 373.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). Although the data show substantial exports and imports growth in 2009-2013 (see table 2 and table 3), trade in the last couple of years has overall stagnated with 0.1 percent exports growth and 1.0 percent imports growth annually since 2011. In 2013, the merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 37.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at 50.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Singapore were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Singapore increased slightly by 3.3 percent, reaching 112.2 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 2.8 percent and reached 117.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services deficit of 5.7 bln US$, down slightly from the trade in services deficit of 6.1 bln US$ in 2011.
    • Slovakia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Slovakia increased moderately by 7.0 percent to reach 85.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.0 percent to reach 81.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 4.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 19.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Slovakia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Slovakia increased moderately by 8.4 percent, reaching 7.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.0 percent and reached 6.8 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 394.8 mln US$.
    • Slovenia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Slovenia increased moderately by 6.1 percent to reach 28.7 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.9 percent to reach 29.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 750.6 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -2.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Slovenia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 16 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Slovenia decreased slightly by 1.3 percent, reaching 6.6 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 7.6 percent and reached 4.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 2.3 bln US$.
    • Solomon Islands
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Solomon Islands decreased slightly by 0.5 percent to reach 489.2 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 17.6 percent to reach 580.2 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 91.0 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG South-eastern Asia at -206.2 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Solomon Islands were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Solomon Islands increased slightly by 2.6 percent, reaching 142.2 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 2.5 percent and reached 190.2 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 48.0 mln US$.
    • South Africa
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of South Africa increased moderately by 9.8 percent to reach 95.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.8 percent to reach 103.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 8.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Sub-Saharan Africa at 14.7 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in South Africa were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of South Africa increased slightly by 2.0 percent, reaching 15.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 9.9 percent and reached 17.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 2.5 bln US$.
    • Spain
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Spain increased moderately by 8.8 percent to reach 311.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 2.0 percent to reach 332.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 21.3 bln US$ (see graph 1), which is the smallest deficit since 1997. The merchandise trade balance is approaching balance and if the growth in exports continues in 2014, Spain is set to record a trade surplus for the first time in decades. The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 21.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Spain were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 24 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 26 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Spain decreased slightly by 4.0 percent, reaching 137.8 bln US$ mainly due to a decline in “travel” (EBOPS 236), while its imports of services decreased moderately by 5.2 percent and reached 90.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). As a result, the trade in services surplus decreased slightly to 47.5 bln US$.
    • Sri Lanka
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Sri Lanka decreased moderately by 6.4 percent to reach 9.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 9.2 percent to reach 17.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 8.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at -3.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Sri Lanka were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Sri Lanka increased substantially by 24.7 percent, reaching 3.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 28.9 percent and reached 4.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 928.5 mln US$.
    • State of Palestine
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of the State of Palestine increased moderately by 8.7 percent to reach 782.4 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 11.3 percent to reach 4.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -3.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the State of Palestine were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the State of Palestine decreased slightly by 1.9 percent, reaching 936.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.1 percent and reached 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 260.4 mln US$.
    • Sudan
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of the Sudan decreased substantially by 62.3 percent to reach 3.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased substantially by 31.1 percent to reach 6.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -1.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Sudan were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 3 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the Sudan increased substantially by 39.1 percent, reaching 1.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 6.4 percent and reached 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 848.1 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Suriname
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Suriname increased substantially by 21.8 percent to reach 2.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 17.2 percent to reach 1.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 829.0 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at 638.1 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Suriname were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Suriname decreased substantially by 16.8 percent, reaching 200.8 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 117.2 percent and reached 562.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 361.7 mln US$.
    • Sweden
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Sweden decreased slightly by 3.0 percent to reach 167.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 2.7 percent to reach 159.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 7.9 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -11.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Sweden were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Sweden increased slightly by 0.1 percent, reaching 71.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.2 percent and reached 54.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 16.6 bln US$.
    • Switzerland-Liechtenstein
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Switzerland increased slightly by 1.4 percent to reach 229.2 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.6 percent to reach 200.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 28.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -20.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Switzerland were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Switzerland increased substantially by 15.6 percent, reaching 96.7 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 23.9 percent and reached 45.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). The increase in exports was mostly attributable to "Other business services" (EBOPS code 268) and "Royalties and license fees" (EBOPS code 266). The increase in imports was mostly attributable to "Royalties and license fees" (EBOPS code 266) and "Travel" (EBOPS code 236). There was a large trade in services surplus of 51.4 bln US$, which is the largest trade in services surplus recorded over the period from 2000 to 2011.
    • Syrian Arab Republic
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of the Syrian Arab Republic increased substantially by 17.1 percent to reach 11.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 13.7 percent to reach 17.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 6.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -2.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Syrian Arab Republic were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the value of exports of services of the Syrian Arab Republic increased substantially by 52.8 percent, reaching 7.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 23.2 percent and reached 3.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 3.8 bln US$.
    • Thailand
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Thailand decreased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 228.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.3 percent to reach 250.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 22.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Western Asia at -24.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Thailand were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 20 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Thailand increased substantially by 19.2 percent, reaching 49.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 1.8 percent and reached 53.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services deficit of 3.5 bln US$.
    • Togo
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Togo increased substantially by 11.3 percent to reach 1.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 20.2 percent to reach 2.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 999.9 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -552.5 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Togo were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Togo increased substantially by 27.2 percent, reaching 407.1 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 26.3 percent and reached 502.3 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 95.2 mln US$.
    • Tonga
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Tonga increased moderately by 8.3 percent to reach 15.6 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.2 percent to reach 199.2 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 183.6 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at -73.6 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Tonga were diversified amongst partners; imports were moderately concentrated. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Tonga decreased slightly by 2.2 percent, reaching 34.8 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 13.2 percent and reached 47.0 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 12.1 mln US$.
    • Trinidad and Tobago
      In 2010, the value of merchandise exports of Trinidad and Tobago increased substantially by 20.3 percent to reach 11.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 6.8 percent to reach 6.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate surplus of 4.5 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at 3.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Trinidad and Tobago were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 12 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Trinidad and Tobago decreased substantially by 11.6 percent, reaching 5.1 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 11.2 percent and reached 4.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 425.2 mln US$. See footnote.
    • Tunisia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Tunisia increased slightly by 0.3 percent to reach 17.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.8 percent to reach 24.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 7.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -1.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Tunisia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Tunisia increased moderately by 9.8 percent, reaching 5.3 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.3 percent and reached 3.3 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 2.0 bln US$.
    • Turkey
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Turkey decreased slightly by 0.4 percent to reach 151.9 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.4 percent to reach 251.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 99.8 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -36.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Turkey were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 32 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 23 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of Turkey increased substantially by 11.4 percent, reaching 39.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 7.6 percent and reached 21.0 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 18.0 bln US$.
    • Turks and Caicos Islands
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of the Turks and Caicos Islands increased substantially by 38.6 percent to reach 11.8 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 3.2 percent to reach 268.5 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 256.7 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America at -191.5 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Turks and Caicos Islands were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 1 partner accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). No trade in services data is available.
    • Uganda
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Uganda increased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 2.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 3.7 percent to reach 5.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 3.4 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Southern Asia at -1.6 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Uganda were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Uganda increased substantially by 11.4 percent, reaching 1.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.1 percent and reached 2.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 508.7 mln US$.
    • Ukraine
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Ukraine decreased moderately by 7.8 percent to reach 63.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased moderately by 9.1 percent to reach 77.0 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small deficit of 13.7 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -11.4 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Ukraine were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 27 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Ukraine decreased slightly by 1.4 percent, reaching 13.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 8.0 percent and reached 6.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 6.9 bln US$.
    • United Arab Emirates
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the United Arab Emirates increased substantially by 27.3 percent to reach 252.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 16.7 percent to reach 210.9 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 41.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at 76.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the United Arab Emirates were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 5 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 17 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the United Arab Emirates increased substantially by 17.7 percent, reaching 15.1 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.1 percent and reached 63.9 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 48.9 bln US$.
    • United Kingdom
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the United Kingdom increased substantially by 14.1 percent to reach 549.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 4.9 percent to reach 655.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 106.7 bln US$ which was the smallest since 2002 (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -73.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the United Kingdom were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 21 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the United Kingdom decreased slightly by 1.5 percent, reaching 291.9 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.2 percent and reached 181.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services surplus of 110.4 bln US$.
    • United Republic of Tanzania
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the United Republic of Tanzania decreased substantially by 20.5 percent to reach 4.4 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.9 percent to reach 12.5 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 8.1 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -2.2 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the United Republic of Tanzania were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 15 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of the United Republic of Tanzania increased substantially by 15.5 percent, reaching 2.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 16.9 percent and reached 2.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a relatively small trade in services surplus of 197.2 mln US$.
    • United States of America, including Puerto Rico and U.S.V.I.
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the United States increased slightly by 2.1 percent to reach 1578.0 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.2 percent to reach 2328.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). Despite being overtaken by China in 2007 as the largest exporter of merchandise, the United States is still the world’s largest importer. The merchandise trade balance recorded a deficit of 750.3 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -338.0 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the United States were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the United States increased moderately by 5.2 percent, reaching 651.5 bln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 3.0 percent and reached 444.7 bln US$ (see graph 2). In recent years, the United States has been the world’s largest exporter and importer of services. There was a trade in services surplus of 206.8 bln US$, which is the largest trade in services surplus recorded over the period from 2000 to 2012.
    • Uruguay
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Uruguay increased slightly by 4.1 percent to reach 9.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 0.1 percent to reach 11.6 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 2.6 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at -1.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Uruguay were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 14 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Uruguay decreased moderately by 5.8 percent, reaching 3.4 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 13.7 percent and reached 2.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 1.0 bln US$.
    • Vanuatu
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of Vanuatu increased substantially by 37.6 percent to reach 63.5 mln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 1.7 percent to reach 280.6 mln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 217.1 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed ASPAC at -108.4 mln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Vanuatu were diversified amongst partners; imports were slightly more concentrated. The top 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and the same number of partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Vanuatu increased substantially by 12.5 percent, reaching 321.8 mln US$, while its imports of services increased slightly by 0.7 percent and reached 145.9 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services surplus of 175.9 mln US$.
    • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
      In 2011, the value of merchandise exports of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela increased substantially by 36.4 percent to reach 91.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 12.5 percent to reach 36.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large surplus of 55.0 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Latin America and the Caribbean at 16.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 13 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2011, the value of exports of services of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela increased moderately by 9.4 percent, reaching 2.0 bln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 15.6 percent and reached 12.8 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 10.7 bln US$. See footnote.
    • Viet Nam
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Viet Nam increased substantially by 18.2 percent to reach 114.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased moderately by 6.6 percent to reach 113.8 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 748.7 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at -29.9 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Viet Nam were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 19 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 11 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Viet Nam increased substantially by 10.5 percent, reaching 9.6 bln US$, while its imports of services increased moderately by 5.6 percent and reached 12.5 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 2.9 bln US$.
    • Yemen
      In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Yemen increased slightly by 1.6 percent to reach 7.1 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 12.2 percent to reach 11.3 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a moderate deficit of 4.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -2.5 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Yemen were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 6 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 18 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2009, the value of exports of services of Yemen increased slightly by 2.6 percent, reaching 1.2 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased moderately by 9.1 percent and reached 2.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services deficit of 895.7 mln US$.
    • Zambia
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Zambia increased substantially by 13.1 percent to reach 10.6 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased substantially by 15.4 percent to reach 10.2 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively small surplus of 432.2 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at 3.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Zambia were moderately concentrated amongst partners; imports were diversified. The top 4 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 10 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Zambia increased substantially by 24.6 percent, reaching 467.5 mln US$, while its imports of services increased substantially by 12.2 percent and reached 1.2 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 771.2 mln US$.
    • Zimbabwe
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of Zimbabwe decreased moderately by 9.7 percent to reach 3.5 bln US$, while its merchandise imports increased slightly by 4.6 percent to reach 7.7 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a relatively large deficit of 4.2 bln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed Europe at -1.8 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Zimbabwe were highly concentrated amongst partners; imports were also highly concentrated. The top 2 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of Zimbabwe decreased moderately by 7.8 percent, reaching 386.8 mln US$, while its imports of services decreased substantially by 23.1 percent and reached 967.5 mln US$ (see graph 2). There was a large trade in services deficit of 580.7 mln US$.
    • European Union
      In 2013, the value of merchandise exports of the EU increased slightly by 3.4 percent to reach 2326.3 bln US$, while its merchandise imports decreased slightly by 4.8 percent to reach 2243.4 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded a surplus of 82.9 bln US$ compared to a deficit in 2012 (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Eastern Asia at - 142.1 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in the EU were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 24 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 22 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2012, the value of exports of services of the EU increased slightly by 0.5 percent, reaching 850.5 bln US$, while its imports of services decreased slightly by 1.7 percent and reached 653.4 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a trade in services surplus of 197.1 bln US$. See footnote.
    • General notes
      For further information on Sources, Method of Estimation, Currency Conversion, Period, Country Nomenclature and Country Grouping of this table, as well as for a brief table description, please see the Introduction.
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