IOM World Migration Report

2414-2603 (online)
Hide / Show Abstract
The World Migration Report, IOM's flagship publication, features the latest trends in international migration, discusses emerging policy issues and provides regional recent developments in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Oceania.
Also available in Spanish, French
World Migration Report 2013

World Migration Report 2013

Migrant Well-being and Development You do not have access to this content

Click to Access:
  • PDF
  • READ
17 Oct 2013
9789210562706 (PDF)

Hide / Show Abstract

This publication, the seventh report in IOM’s World Migration Report (WMR) series, explores the positive and negative effects of migration on individual well-being. It is published amidst a growing debate on how the benefits of migration can best be harnessed for development. This report contributes to the global debate on migration and development in three ways, specifically, by presenting a more holistic picture of development, by assessing the well-being of migrants worldwide for the first time using findings of the Gallup World Poll conducted in more than 150 countries, and by analysing how migration outcomes differ depending on the origin and destination of migrants.
Also available in French, Spanish
loader image

Expand / Collapse Hide / Show all Abstracts Table of Contents

  • Mark Click to Access
  • Editorial Team
  • Acknowledgments
    The Editorial Team wishes to thank all contributing authors and is especially grateful to Mr William Lacy Swing, IOM Director General, for his vision and encouragement in producing this publication.
  • WMR 2013 seminars and working papers
  • Acronyms
  • Foreword
    The World Migration Report 2013: Migrant Well-being and Development - the seventh report in IOM’s World Migration Report series - focuses on the migrant, and on how migration affects a person’s well-being.
  • Overview
    Since the first-ever United Nations General Assembly High-level Dialogue (HLD) on International Migration and Development in 2006, there has been increasing international debate about how best to harness the benefits of migration for development. Yet migration remains inadequately integrated into development frameworks at national and local levels, and there is limited public understanding and appreciation of the contribution that migrants make to the development of their countries of origin and destination.
  • Introduction
    For thousands of years, human beings have migrated in search of a better life. Migration is the result of numerous factors; many migrate in search of greater opportunities – to earn a better living, to live in a more agreeable environment or to join family or friends abroad. Of course, a considerable portion of migrants do not choose to move but are forced to flee their homes against their will – refugees escaping persecution, people devastated by conflict or natural disaster, or victims of trafficking. But for those who do choose to migrate, the most fundamental issues are whether they will be happier if they migrate and whether life will be better than it was before. This report, based on the first global study of its kind, seeks to answer these universal questions, in the context of migration as a means of achieving individual betterment and growth.
  • Migration trends: Comparing the four pathways
    Most migration is to countries in the North but it is almost matched by migration to countries in the South17 – an overlooked and likely underestimated phenomenon, given the difficulty in finding reliable statistics.
  • Review of studies on migration, happiness and well-being
    Concepts and measures of migrant well-being and happiness can provide useful indicators of human development, as it has increasingly been recognized that development cannot be measured simply in terms of economic indicators such as economic growth and gross domestic product (GDP). Since migrants often leave their homes in search of a better life, measures of subjective well-being can provide an indication of whether migrants achieve their goal.
  • Dimensions of migrant well-being: Evidence from The Gallup World Poll
    Since 2005, Gallup’s annual World Poll has been conducted in more than 150 countries, territories and regions, gathering opinions that are comparable across geographical areas and time. The data used in this analysis of migrant well-being were collected between 2009 and 2011, involving a survey of some half a million adults and including nearly 25,000 first-generation migrants and 441,000 native-born residents.
  • Conclusions
    In 2013, a second High-level Dialogue (HLD) on International Migration and Development will be held, presenting the international community with a valuable opportunity to focus its attention on how to make migration a positive factor in sustainable development and poverty reduction. The HLD 2013 comes at an important time, as the international community considers moving beyond the Millennium Development Goals, and towards the formulation of a new post-2015 development agenda.
  • Bibliography
  • Glossary of key terms
  • Add to Marked List