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2018 年農產品市場狀況

農業貿易,氣候變化與糧食安全

image of 2018 年農產品市場狀況

This edition of The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets focuses on the complex and underexplored intersection between agricultural trade, climate change and food security. The report makes an important contribution to the policy debates on climate change adaptation and mitigation under the Paris Agreement and the multilateral agricultural trade rules. The report discusses policies – both domestic support and trade measures – that can promote food security, adaptation and mitigation, and improve the livelihoods of family farmers around the world. Given both the slow- and rapid-onset impacts of climate change, policies that can significantly promote climate change adaptation and mitigation would benefit from deeper discussions in international fora on how to strengthen the mutually supportive role of trade rules and climate interventions.

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适应气候变化,并减缓其影响: 国内政策和支持措施

农业政策有着多重目标。它们要提高效率,纠 正市场失灵问题,如农民因缺乏信息而难以应用新 技术的问题。它们要支持公平,努力使农业收入水 平跟上其它经济部门并符合全社会的期望。它们要 确保为全社会提供公共产品。此外,在很多发展中 国家,它们还要通过面向生产者和消费者的措施促 进粮食安全。

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