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2018 年糧食和農業狀況

移民,農業和農村發展

image of 2018 年糧食和農業狀況

Migration is an expanding global reality, one that allows millions of people to seek new opportunities. But it also involves challenges for migrants and for societies, both in areas of origin and of destination. This report analyses migratory flows – internal and international – and how they are linked to processes of economic development, demographic change, and natural-resource pressure. The focus is on rural migration, the many forms it takes and the important role it plays in both developing and developed countries. The report investigates the drivers and impacts of rural migration and highlights how related policy priorities depend on country contexts that are in continuous evolution.

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前 言

今天,在国际和国内政策讨论中,很少有 其他问题能像移徙一样,如此吸引眼球、如此 饱受争议。跨境移民和难民数量不断增加且日 益引发关切,使国际移徙吸引了大部分注意力 并成为国际政策议程的首要议题。联合国《2030 年可持续发展议程》及其可持续发展目标明确 承认移徙的重要性及其带来的挑战和机遇。可 持续发展目标具体目标10.7呼吁推动有序、安 全和负责任移徙。在旨在减少国家内部和国家 之间不平等的可持续发展目标10的大背景下发 出这一呼吁意义重大。这也就是明确承认移徙 的积极作用及其在减少不平等方面扮演的角 色。此外,2016年9月联合国大会通过了《难 民和移民问题纽约宣言》,启动了安全、有序 和正常移徙以及难民两项全球契约编制进程, 标志着又向前迈出了一步。

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