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2018 年糧食和農業狀況

移民,農業和農村發展

image of 2018 年糧食和農業狀況

Migration is an expanding global reality, one that allows millions of people to seek new opportunities. But it also involves challenges for migrants and for societies, both in areas of origin and of destination. This report analyses migratory flows – internal and international – and how they are linked to processes of economic development, demographic change, and natural-resource pressure. The focus is on rural migration, the many forms it takes and the important role it plays in both developing and developed countries. The report investigates the drivers and impacts of rural migration and highlights how related policy priorities depend on country contexts that are in continuous evolution.

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移徙对农业和农村地区的影响

农村移徙,特别是向外移徙,会对农村 发展、粮食安全和营养、贫困产生深远影响,涉及农业生产、农村家庭和更广泛的农村经 济。移徙者的原籍地和目的地均显现出移徙 的影响。从经济发展的角度而言,了解这些 影响非常重要,尤其是考虑到移徙的影响往 往是受到热议的主题。对移徙的负面看法通 常带来明确或含蓄地试图阻碍或减少移徙的 政策。然而,这些政策可能会在劳动力分配 方面对需求最为迫切的国家和市场产生限制 作用。

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