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2018 年農產品市場狀況

農業貿易,氣候變化與糧食安全

image of 2018 年農產品市場狀況

This edition of The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets focuses on the complex and underexplored intersection between agricultural trade, climate change and food security. The report makes an important contribution to the policy debates on climate change adaptation and mitigation under the Paris Agreement and the multilateral agricultural trade rules. The report discusses policies – both domestic support and trade measures – that can promote food security, adaptation and mitigation, and improve the livelihoods of family farmers around the world. Given both the slow- and rapid-onset impacts of climate change, policies that can significantly promote climate change adaptation and mitigation would benefit from deeper discussions in international fora on how to strengthen the mutually supportive role of trade rules and climate interventions.

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非关税措施: 法规和标准

每个国家都有权通过实施法规和标准来保护 人民健康、动植物健康和环境。动植物卫生措施 (SPS)被用于保障食品安全,保护动植物健康,而 其它技术法规、标准和合格评定程序等有时被称为 技术性贸易壁垒(TBT)。这些措施有着不同的政策 目标,包括环境保护、人类健康和安全、预防欺诈行 为等。此类政策措施又被称为非关税措施(NTM), 会对国际贸易产生巨大影响。

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