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2018 年糧食和農業狀況

移民,農業和農村發展

image of 2018 年糧食和農業狀況

Migration is an expanding global reality, one that allows millions of people to seek new opportunities. But it also involves challenges for migrants and for societies, both in areas of origin and of destination. This report analyses migratory flows – internal and international – and how they are linked to processes of economic development, demographic change, and natural-resource pressure. The focus is on rural migration, the many forms it takes and the important role it plays in both developing and developed countries. The report investigates the drivers and impacts of rural migration and highlights how related policy priorities depend on country contexts that are in continuous evolution.

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农村移徙趋势与形式

如第1章所述,国际社会日益重视移徙问 题,且侧重国际移徙。然而,从经济社会发展 角度看,国际移徙是更大范围进程的一部分, 该进程还涉及国内人员流动,包括进入农村地 区、离开农村地区或在农村地区之间流动。本 章审议现有证据,评估移民流趋势和方式,探 讨移民流规模和特点,侧重农村移徙(现有数 据来源见插文6)。此外,本章试图从新的视 角阐述国内农村移徙的各个方面:农村-农村、 城镇-农村和农村-城镇移徙。本章还试图分享 国际和国内移民流与农村地区关联的新观点。 由于国际移徙数据往往不涉及国际移民来源地 信息,因此这仍然是一个难点。

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