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2018 年農產品市場狀況

農業貿易,氣候變化與糧食安全

image of 2018 年農產品市場狀況

This edition of The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets focuses on the complex and underexplored intersection between agricultural trade, climate change and food security. The report makes an important contribution to the policy debates on climate change adaptation and mitigation under the Paris Agreement and the multilateral agricultural trade rules. The report discusses policies – both domestic support and trade measures – that can promote food security, adaptation and mitigation, and improve the livelihoods of family farmers around the world. Given both the slow- and rapid-onset impacts of climate change, policies that can significantly promote climate change adaptation and mitigation would benefit from deeper discussions in international fora on how to strengthen the mutually supportive role of trade rules and climate interventions.

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适应气候变化并减缓其影响: 贸易政策的作用

贸易是经济增长的关键,同时也是粮食安全 战略不可或缺的组成部分。很多国家在低成本提 高农业产量方面都有巨大潜力。而对另一些国家 而言,由于生产成本不同,要完全靠自己满足本国 粮食需求可能因为高成本而变得不太现实。一般而 言,每个国家在某些商品和服务上有着自己的比较 优势,所有国家都有通过贸易获利的潜力。鉴于气 候变化预计会改变不同地区和国家的农业比较优 势,因此贸易将在促进短期和长期适应方面发挥 重要作用。

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