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Pathways Towards Food Security in the Arab Region

An Assessment of Wheat Availability

image of Pathways Towards Food Security in the Arab Region

This study includes a review of the various regional initiatives that relate to wheat in order to reflect the results of the assessment of wheat availability into useful regional policy directions that can help the region to enhance wheat availability. The outcome of the review coupled with the results of the assessment can shed light on the pathways that Arab countries, collectively or individually, can follow to secure higher wheat availability levels and, as such, contribute to enhanced food security for their populations.

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Introduction

Food and nutrition are important to humans, given that they are major determinants of their health status and hence of their ability to carry out various social, economic and physical activities that impact their lives. Seen from this angle, it is apparent that food and nutrition go well beyond the issues of fighting hunger and famine. Over the years, policymakers and development planners have moved towards the concept of food security, culminating with the organization of the World Food Summit in 1996 under the aegis of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Food security was defined and later refined so as to be understood as a situation “when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food, which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. Viewed as a multidimensional developmental issue, food security has moved to the top of the international development agenda.

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