State of Forests of the Caucasus and Central Asia

Overview of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia Region

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This study presents the forest resources and the forest sector of the region, including trends in, and pressures on the resource, to describe the policies and institutions for the forest sector in the region and to list the major challenges the sector faces, and the policy responses in place or planned. It is a cooperative effort by the author, the UNECE/FAO secretariat and national experts, done with the use of the best available data. It covers all dimensions of sustainable forest management and includes national profiles of all countries of the region.



Legal, policy and institutional framework

Laws, policies and institutions are the main tools used by societies to achieve their objectives, in this case, sustainable forest management. This section describes the laws, policies and institutions relevant to forests and forest management which are in place in the Caucasus and Central Asia. The starting point was the same for all eight countries, the system in place in the USSR in the 1980s, characterised by public ownership of all forest land, and strong central direction from Moscow, through directives, financialsupport, and a clear division of labour between the various parts of the USSR. In Caucasus and Central Asia, priority was given to the protection functions, as practically all forests were classified as protective (Group 1). Other parts of the USSR were charged with wood production. Some features of this approach may be detected today, despite the profound social and economic changes over the past quarter century.


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