State of Forests of the Caucasus and Central Asia

Overview of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in the Caucasus and Central Asia Region

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This study presents the forest resources and the forest sector of the region, including trends in, and pressures on the resource, to describe the policies and institutions for the forest sector in the region and to list the major challenges the sector faces, and the policy responses in place or planned. It is a cooperative effort by the author, the UNECE/FAO secretariat and national experts, done with the use of the best available data. It covers all dimensions of sustainable forest management and includes national profiles of all countries of the region.




Forests cover a relatively small share of the vast Caucasus and Central Asian region. However, they encompass a wide variety of forest types and ecosystems, ranging from mountains, plains and flood plains to steppes, semi-deserts and deserts. These forest types are important to the environment of this region, as they include highly diverse but also vulnerable ecosystems, and support an extremely rich biodiversity and protect land against erosion and soil loss. Forests in the region also play an essential role in mitigating climate change, sequestering millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide but also alleviating the impacts of extreme weather events. In addition, forests are source of fuel, wood and income for often poor, rural populations of the region.


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