The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets 2018

Agricultural Trade, Climate Change and Food Security

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This edition of The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets focuses on the complex and underexplored intersection between agricultural trade, climate change and food security. The report makes an important contribution to the policy debates on climate change adaptation and mitigation under the Paris Agreement and the multilateral agricultural trade rules. The report discusses policies – both domestic support and trade measures – that can promote food security, adaptation and mitigation, and improve the livelihoods of family farmers around the world. Given both the slow- and rapid-onset impacts of climate change, policies that can significantly promote climate change adaptation and mitigation would benefit from deeper discussions in international fora on how to strengthen the mutually supportive role of trade rules and climate interventions.

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Non-tariff measures (NTMs): regulations and standards

Every country has the right to ensure the protection of human, animal or plant health and the environment through the implementation of regulations and standards. Sanitary and phytosanitar y (SPS) measures are used to ensure food safety and protect animal or plant health, while other technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures are sometimes referred to as technical barriers to trade (TBT). These measures have different policy objectives, including environmental protection, human health and safety, and prevention of deceptive practices. Such policy measures, also known as non-tariff measures (NTMs), can have a significant impact on international trade.

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