The State of Food and Agriculture 1960

image of The State of Food and Agriculture 1960

In addition to the usual review of the recent world food and agriculture situation, each issue of The State of Food and Agriculture from 1957 has included one or more special studies of problems of longer-term interest. This year's edition focuses on programming for agricultural development.



Programming for agricultural development

This chapter reviews procedures and methods of agricultural programing, in the context of general economic development, mainly as they affect economically less developed countries. in these countries the growth of population is often rapid. Agriculture is usually the mainstay of the economy and also the sector where poverty- is most acute. Levels of food consumption are relatively low; there is great need for nutritional improvement, while a small increase in per caput incomes gives rise to a much sharper increase in the demand for food than in wealthier countries. Finally, many less developed countries have a special need to expand agricultural exports or to reduce agricultural imports to increase the foreign exchange available for the import of capital goods. For all these reasons the desirable rate of expansion of the agricultural output, though less than that of the nonfarm sector, is appreciably greater in the less developed than in most of the more industrialized countries. On the other hand, many of the resources needed for agricultural expansion are much less abundant. Agricultural programing, to make full use of the resources available, has thus a particularly important role to play in countries at an early stage of economic developnient.


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