The State of Food and Agriculture 1991

Agricultural Policies and Issues - Lessons from the 1980s and Prospects for the 1990s

image of The State of Food and Agriculture 1991

In addition to the usual review of the recent world food and agriculture situation, each issue of The State of Food and Agriculture from 1957 has included one or more special studies of problems of longer-term interest. This year’s edition focuses on agricultural policies and issues.



World review

The overall economic environment was generally unfavourable to agriculture in both 1990 and 1991. The economic slow-down already under way in industrialized countries was accentuated by the effects of the Gulf crisis, which also had negative effects on the economies of many developing countries. Their overall economic and agricultural systems were hit by slower growth of world import demand and higher oil and energy prices. These events exacerbated problems which by now have become typical of many developing countries: heavy external debt; difficult access to developed country markets; and low world prices for many of their main exports, particularly agricultural commodities.


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