The State of Food and Agriculture 2018

Migration, Agriculture and Rural Development

image of The State of Food and Agriculture 2018

Migration is an expanding global reality, one that allows millions of people to seek new opportunities. But it also involves challenges for migrants and for societies, both in areas of origin and of destination. This report analyses migratory flows – internal and international – and how they are linked to processes of economic development, demographic change, and natural-resource pressure. The focus is on rural migration, the many forms it takes and the important role it plays in both developing and developed countries. The report investigates the drivers and impacts of rural migration and highlights how related policy priorities depend on country contexts that are in continuous evolution. These priorities will be different for countries in protracted crises, countries where rural youth employment is a challenge, countries in economic and demographic transition, and developed countries in need of migrant workers, not least to support agriculture and rural economies.

English Chinese, Spanish, French, Arabic, Russian


Trends and patterns of rural migration

As mentioned in Chapter 1, there has been growing international attention on migration, mostly focused on international migration. From an economic and social development perspective however, international migration is part of a much larger process, one that also involves movements of people within countries – including migration to, from or between rural areas. This chapter reviews available evidence to assess the trends and patterns of migration flows and explore their magnitude and characteristics, with a special focus on rural migration (see Box 6 for available data sources). Inter alia, the chapter tries to shed new light on the different components of internal rural migration: rural–rural, urban–rural, and rural–urban. It also attempts to provide new insight into how international and internal migration flows are linked to rural areas. Because the data on international migration often do not capture the area of origin of international migrants, this remains a difficult task.

English Chinese, Russian, Spanish, French

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error