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Wood Energy in the ECE Region

Data, Trends and Outlook in Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and North America

image of Wood Energy in the ECE Region

This publication highlights the use of wood for energy and includes the most recent statistics on wood energy markets across the UNECE region. It aims to communicate the relevance of wood energy in the region and help bridge information about the forest and energy sectors. It also intends to offer some of the best-available information on the role that wood energy can play in various sectors to support environmental, energy, and socio-economic strategies toward a greener economy. It focuses on commercial wood energy uses in the UNECE including energy generated for cooking, heating and electricity generation.

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Outlook for future wood fuel markets

The last decade has seen notable increases in wood fuel production, consumption and trade across the UNECE region. Most of these changes have been policy induced by the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive, which required increased renewable energy use leading to greater wood pellet consumption, primarily in utility scale facilities. As a consequence, trans-Atlantic and intra-European trade in wood pellets increased. Other forms of wood fuels, including black liquor, wood processing residues, waste wood, and firewood, are less frequently traded for energetic purposes—they are primarily consumed in the country in which they are produced or traded for material use in the wood processing industry.

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