Innocenti Working Papers

The UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre (IRC) was created to strengthen UNICEF's research capability and to support its advocacy for children worldwide. The Working Papers (formerly Innocenti Occasional Papers), are the foundation of the Centre's research output, underpinning many of the Centre's other publications. These high quality research papers are aimed at an academic and well-informed audience, contributing to ongoing discussion on a wide range of child-related issues.


Child Mortality and Injury in Asia

Survey Results and Evidence

This paper presents a detailed description of the survey results which were introduced in the Overview paper. Results are presented first for proportional mortality in children by age group for a population-weighted composite of the surveys, and then for the individual surveys. Following this, detailed results are presented for fatal injury by national or subnational area, region (urban/rural) and gender for childhood (0–17 years). After this the types of fatal injury that occur at the different stages of childhood are presented. The second part of the paper presents both fatal and non-fatal injury by type of injury for the composite of the surveys as well as the individual surveys themselves. The results show that the leading causes of non-fatal injury differ from those of fatal injury, and the greatest burden is caused by the more serious categories of non-fatal injury. Finally, the ratio of the two leading causes of fatal injury in children, drowning and road traffic accidents, are presented for each of the surveys. Drowning is shown to be the leading cause of fatal childhood injury in each survey when compared with road traffic. The paper concludes with a discussion of the major issues illuminated in the results of the surveys.


Keywords: injury mortality, cause of death, China, community survey, injury, children, Thailand, Bangladesh, Philippines, Asia, under-five mortality, child mortality, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), mortality estimates, injury morbidity, Viet Nam, demographic change, epidemiological transition
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