1887

Innocenti Discussion Papers

These papers are signed pieces by researchers on current topics in social and economic policy and the realization of children’s rights. They may discuss technical issues in a focused manner, or in a less detailed manner than Working Papers.

English

Parenting, Family Care and Adolescence in East and Southern Africa

An Evidence-Focused Literature Review

Based on an evidence-focused literature review, this paper examines existing knowledge on raising adolescents in east and southern African countries, including Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Country selection was based on the availability of relevant literature and data. The vast majority of research on parenting and adolescent development is based in studies from the global north. This research sought to deepen understandings of family life, care practices and support networks in the east and southern African region so as to inform policy and interventions that seek to improve adolescent-family relations and reduce risk behaviours. Analysis of the regional literature prompts a reconsideration of conventional understandings of parenting and of support focused on adolescence. An evidence-informed model for understanding the ecology of adolescent-parent relationships in the cultural and economic contexts of the region is provided. In addition, a framework for exploring contextually-relevant dimensions of parenting through research and practice is offered.

English

Keywords: cultural norms, East and Southern Africa Region, social norms, adolescents, risk behaviour, parenting, family structure, lower middle income countries (LMICs)
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