State of the World's Indigenous Peoples


image of State of the World's Indigenous Peoples

At its first session, the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) requested the United Nations System to produce a report on the state of the world’s indigenous peoples (SOWIP). The first edition covered all six thematic areas of the Forum’s mandate (Economic and social development, Culture, Environment, Education, Health and Human rights. The second edition focused on Indigenous Peoples’ Access to Health Services. This third edition of SOWIP provides a comprehensive overview of the current achievements and challenges facing indigenous peoples centred on the theme of education. The report is evidence-based, through seven chapters that will depict the situation in the seven socio-cultural regions determined to give broad representation of the world’s indigenous peoples (Africa; Arctic; Asia; Central and South America and the Caribbean; Central and Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia; North America; and the Pacific).



Indigenous peoples and education in the African region

Indigenous peoples in Africa often face enormous challenges. This is mainly due to the reluctance of some African States to acknowledge the existence of indigenous peoples within their territories, with these challenges varying from country to country. This is often related to the goal of nation building and achieving national unity in multi-ethnic societies. Many African Governments argue that all Africans are indigenous. As a result, official records such as the national census do not encompass the different ethnic groups, including indigenous peoples, in the country or their languages (International Labour Organization and African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 2009a, p. vi).


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