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State of the World's Indigenous Peoples

Education

image of State of the World's Indigenous Peoples

At its first session, the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) requested the United Nations System to produce a report on the state of the world’s indigenous peoples (SOWIP). The first edition covered all six thematic areas of the Forum’s mandate (Economic and social development, Culture, Environment, Education, Health and Human rights. The second edition focused on Indigenous Peoples’ Access to Health Services. This third edition of SOWIP provides a comprehensive overview of the current achievements and challenges facing indigenous peoples centred on the theme of education. The report is evidence-based, through seven chapters that will depict the situation in the seven socio-cultural regions determined to give broad representation of the world’s indigenous peoples (Africa; Arctic; Asia; Central and South America and the Caribbean; Central and Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia; North America; and the Pacific).

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Indigenous peoples and education in Asia

Asia is arguably the world’s most diverse region culturally as well as socioeconomically. It includes some of the world’s most populous nations, such as Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan, and is home to at least 60 per cent of the global population. Economically, Asia covers a wide spectrum ranging from some of the world’s poorest countries to one of the world’s most developed economies, Japan, and new economic giants like China and India. While the region has some of the fastest growing economies, it still has high levels of poverty. Rapid economic growth has been associated with large-scale unplanned urbanization in many parts of the region (United Nations, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 2014, p. 2) as well as increased pressure on the environment and natural resources.

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