Freedom from Fear

This journal aims to contribute to the advancement of knowledge and awareness of the international community's priority issues in the field of justice, crime prevention and human rights. The Magazine pursues the promotion of innovative dialogue by spreading awareness, creating consensus and a sense of shared responsibility of the problems that affect the global community. As a forum for long-term change, the Magazine endeavors to promote democratic values, civil stability, and aid the international community in developing actions towards greater peace, justice and security for all members of social, civil and political society.


The gross overrepresentation of LGBT youth in the juvenile justice system

Although the term LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) may be new, the idea behind is anything but new. Same-sex relations can be traced back to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, however homosexual relations were not accepted until much more recently. In fact, the term homosexual was not used in the U.S. until James G. Kiernan referenced it in a Chicago medical journal in 1892, when equating it to a sexual perversion. In the 1920s LGB characters starting appearing on Broadway and, as a response, The New York Legislature banned the presentation of ‘sex perversion’ on stages. World War II helped to foster the creation of LGBT identity and communities, however the first declaration of the acronym seems unclear. The terminology is ever changing. It began as LGB, then LGBT, next LGBTQ, and most recently LGBTQIA (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, intersex and ally/asexual). This article will use the acronym LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender), as that is what is most commonly used in the data and literature.


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