The State of the World's Children 2008

Child Survival

image of The State of the World's Children 2008

The 2008 report examines the state of child survival and primary health care for children, with a strong emphasis on trends in child mortality.It appraises the lessons learned in child survival over the past century.The centerpiece of the report looks at several of the most promising approaches-community partnerships, the continuum of care framework and health-system strengthening for out-comes-to reach those mothers, new borns and children who are currently excluded from essential interventions. By highlighting examples from countries and districts where these have been successful, as well as exploring the main challenges to their expansion, this report offers practical ways to jump-start the progress.

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Community partnerships in primary health care for mothers, newborns and children

When infants and children become sick, it is their families, especially parents and other primary caregivers, who form the first line of care. Household members, particularly mothers, undertake the primary diagnosis of illness, assess the severity and probable outcomes, select treatment and care options – including home treatment – and procure and administer drugs and other remedies. Families and caregivers make the decisions to seek formal health care for pregnant women or children who have fallen ill, and they decide whether to adopt diverse feeding and hygiene practices.

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