The health of populations is shaped by prevailing sanitary and environmental conditions, the quality and accessibility of health-care services, and the capacity of individuals to make healthy choices in their lives. The following section of the report provides a descriptive account of trends in health status, access to health care and the quality of health-care systems in the ESCWA region on the basis of data provided by national statistical offices and WHO. It is organized as follows: first, contraceptive prevalence, prenatal care, delivery care and maternal mortality across the region are described. This is followed by a brief overview of children’s immunization coverage and their nutritional status. Key adult health indicators, namely body-mass index (BMI) and disability status, in addition to indicators related to the health workforce and associated health assets are also reviewed. The section continues with a summary of health expenditure patterns across countries in the ESCWA region.

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