Preventing vulnerability and abuse, particularly exploitation and trafficking, requires ensuring the protection of human rights of migrants at all stages of the migration cycle. All migrants have human rights and are entitled to various forms of protection and assistance, regardless of their migratory status or administrative category. Due to the gravity of human rights abuses suffered by trafficked persons and the links between trafficking in persons and crime, this issue has received special attention, especially since the adoption of the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, under the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime in 2000, which sets out standards and promotes inter-State cooperation to combat human trafficking more effectively. Awareness has been rising, and has resulted in a growing number of national, regional and international legal and policy frameworks concerned with the issue of human trafficking.

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