1945

Spatial planning

In 1999, the human settlements network included 2,951 territorial-administrative units: 263 urban and 2,688 rural communes. The urban communes comprise the capital, Bucharest (2 million inhabitants), 7 big cities (Timisoara, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Brasov, Craiova, Galati and Constanta) with about 300,000-400,000 inhabitants, 76 smaller cities with fewer than 300,000 inhabitants and 179 towns with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants. Urban communes are spread in a relatively balanced way throughout Romania, influenced by historical, geographical, economic and social factors. The process of urbanization, stimulated by the intensive industrial development of certain areas, caused an increase in population, an improvement in the socio-economic development of the towns, as well as the development of their surrounding areas.

Related Subject(s): Environment and Climate Change
Sustainable Development Goals:
Countries: Romania
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