Policies to enhance the development impact and effectiveness of external financial resources

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda envisions the development process and the mobilization of the corresponding financial means along the following lines: countries have a responsibility to lead the national development process; countries should have national ownership of development; countries need to mobilize the resources required to finance the process; and the international community commits to supporting countries in their development, including with regard to its financing. The Agenda states that “cohesive nationally owned sustainable development strategies, supported by integrated national financing frameworks, will be at the heart of our efforts” and reiterates that “each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development” (United Nations, 2015b, para. 9). The Agenda thus implies a central role for States in steering the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals and in the mobilization of the financing required to provide the investment and current spending needed to achieve the Goals. Domestically, key elements in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda include capable Governments and public institutions, real partnerships and the formulation of country- specific plans and road maps to achieve the Goals and uphold long-term sustainability. This raises the question of the capacity of States to take on the responsibilities assigned to them.

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