1945

Between 2013 and 2015, annual economic growth is estimated to be around 6% in developing countries and around 2% in higher-income countries (World Bank, 2013a). As economies grow and diversify, they experience competing demands for water to meet the needs of more municipal and industrial uses, as well as agriculture. However, many people in the world still lack access to basic water and energy services (Section 1.1). Closing the energy gap could generate additional pressures on water resources given that water is needed for fuel extraction, for cooling and other processes in thermal power plants, and for turning turbines in hydropower plants (Chapter 3). Moreover, climate change can exacerbate already stressed energy and water scenarios through events such as extreme weather conditions and prolonged drought periods (Section 12.3).

Sustainable Development Goals:
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