1945

Agricultural employment in developing countries

How to provide productive and rewarding employment opportunities for their rapidly growing populations is perhaps the most difficult of all the problems facing the developing countries in the Second United Nations Development Decade. The gravity of employment problems became steadily more apparent during the previous decade of the 1960s, as more and more of those born in the postwar population explosion reached working age. Even those countries that achieved a satisfactory rate of overall economic growth, including a substantial expansion of manufacturing industry, found that employment was not increasing fast enough and unemployment was worsening menacingly. A new emphasis on the social and distributional aspects of development has also led to growing preoccupation with employment problems. The crucial role of agriculture in providing employment opportunities at the present stage of development has been increasingly recognized.

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