Bangladesh lies in the northeastern part of South Asia between 20° 34’ and 26° 38’ north latitude and 88° 01’ and 92° 41’ east longitude. The country is bordered by India in the west, north and northeast, Myanmar in the southeast and the Bay of Bengal in the south. The area of the country is 147 570 sq. km. Except for some hilly regions in the northeast, southeast and some areas of higher land in the north, Bangladesh consists mainly of fertile plains irrigated by a network of rivers, the main ones being the Padma, the Jamuna, the Tista, the Brahmaputra, the Surma, the Meghna and the Karnaphuli. These rivers have 230 tributaries with a total length of about 24 140 km. Bangladesh’s highly fertile, alluvial soil is, therefore, continuously enriched by silts and river deposits during the rainy season (BBS, 2016). Across the country’s 30 agro-ecological zones (AEZs), the land can be classified as 79 percent floodplain, 12.6 percent hilly areas and 8.3 percent terrace soils. The pH of soil in Bangladesh ranges from 4.0 to 8.4.

Sustainable Development Goals:
Countries: Bangladesh
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