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Europe and the mediterranean

The Europe and the Mediterranean region registered important milestones in resolving its many conflict situations and restoring peace and stability in 2002, particularly in the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), which successfully concluded their bilateral negotiations relating to the dispute over the Prevlaka peninsula, signed the 10 December Protocol on the Interim Regime along the Southern Border between the Two States. That development allowed the United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka, which had monitored the demilitarization of the peninsula and neighbouring territories since 1992, to hand over responsibility for the area to the local authorities of both countries and to withdraw in December. The United Nations also successfully concluded its mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the most complex and difficult UN police peacekeeping missions, which ended on 31 December and was to be succeeded by the follow-on European Union Police Mission from 1 January 2003.

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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