1945

Port and multimodal transport developments

World container port throughput increased by an estimated 13.3 per cent to 531.4 million TEUs in 2010 after stumbling briefly in 2009. Chinese mainland ports continued to increase their share of total world container port throughput to 24.2 per cent. The UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI) reveals that China continues its lead as the single most connected country, followed by Hong Kong SAR, Singapore and Germany. In 2011, 91 countries increased their LSCI ranking over 2010, 6 saw no change, and 65 recorded a decrease. In 2010, the rail freight sector grew by 7.2 per cent to reach 9,843 billion freight ton kilometres (FTKs). The road freight sector grew by 7.8 per cent in 2010 over the previous year with volumes reaching 9,721 billion FTKs. This chapter covers some of the major port development projects under way in developing countries, container throughput, liner shipping connectivity, improvements in port performance, and inland transportation and infrastructure development in the areas of road, rail, and inland waterways, with a special focus on public-private partnerships (PPPs) in financing inland transport infrastructure development and rail transport.

Sustainable Development Goals:
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