Middle East

The crisis in the Gaza Strip in early 2009 prompted renewed efforts towards peace and stability in the Middle East. “Operation Cast Lead”, launched by Israel in response to indiscriminate Palestinian rocket and mortar attacks on southern Israel, worsened the humanitarian situation in Hamas-controlled Gaza and strengthened the blockade—now into its third year—enforced since Hamas won elections and formed the government in 2007. The Israeli air and infantry assault on Gaza led to massive damage to infrastructure, including to United Nations facilities, and hundreds of civilians died, mostly Palestinians.

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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