Countries in the Arab region are at different stages of the demographic transition, giving the region diverse demographic features. These differences are due to a wide range of country-specific social, economic, political and cultural factors. The region presently includes countries with markedly different population sizes, age-sex structures, growth rates and population composition. Those features are determined by the speed of change in three main components of demographic change, namely fertility, mortality, and international migration, including labour migration and war-related population displacement. Understanding demographic change is crucial from a policy perspective because it affects almost every aspect of life and has important implications for the labour market, economic growth, employment, housing and demand for education, health and social services in any country. Reliable data on the size and structure of populations, as well as on components of demographic change, are therefore essential to understanding socioeconomic trends and informing public policy decisions at the national level. Such data are also important for measuring performance against internationally agreed development goals.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development
Sustainable Development Goals:
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