Population distribution, urbanization and internal migration

The Programme of Action advocated for a more balanced spatial distribution of the population, expressing particular concern about the rapid growth of urban areas. Governments had been unable to respond to rapid urbanization with adequate management capacities and practices, which would require sustainable regional development through strategies of urban consolidation, growth of small or mediumsized urban centres and sustainable development of rural areas. The Cairo Declaration also argued for more participatory and resource-conscious planning and management of large urban agglomerations to improve the security and quality of life of all residents. The Programme of Action recognized the magnitude of forced internal displacement and called on the international community to provide protection and assistance to displaced persons and to address the causes of their plight.

Related Subject(s): Population and Demography
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