Environmental migration and security policy

It would be premature to talk of a policy or coordination framework dealing with environmental migration in the traditional “national security” policy domain. Nonetheless, the security implications of climate change are increasingly discussed at the international level. In these discussions, climate change is often portrayed as a threat multiplier. In his 2009 report to the UN General Assembly, the UN Secretary General specifically cited environmental migration as a threat to peace and security. Such views have their roots in the environmental security and conflict studies fields, usually analysing climate change in terms of increased pressure on scarce resources, leading to migration and then conflict, or to conflict then migration and to conflict again (respectively known as the direct and indirect pathways).

Related Subject(s): Environment and Climate Change
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