1945

International tribunals

In 1998, each of the international tribunals, created by the United Nations to prosecute persons responsible for mass violation of international humanitarian law in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda, established an additional Trial Chamber and installed three new judges in order to deal with the increased number of accused in custody. The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 (ICTY) witnessed a period of unprecedented growth and development, during which the institution demonstrated that international criminal justice was an achievable goal. The International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and Other Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring States between 1 January and 31 December 1994 (ICTR) handed down the first judgement ever by an international court on the crime of genocide.

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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