The realization that general and complete disarmament, as the ultimate objective of disarmament efforts, is likely to be unattainable in the near future has generated interest in partial disarmament measures in the United Nations and in a number of States and regions. Among these measures, the concept of nuclear-weapon-free zones was launched as a means of halting the spread of nuclear weapons.' It is believed that the absence of nuclear weapons from a particular region would spare the countries concerned from the threat of nuclear attack or involvement in nuclear war and contribute to the achievement of disarmament, particularly nuclear disarmament. Furthermore, the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones has been considered an effective means of assuring the non-nuclear-weapon States against the use of nuclear weapons, thus enhancing their security. The Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly reaffirmed this belief by stating that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned constituted an important disarmament measure, and that the process of establishing such zones in different parts of the world should be encouraged with the ultimate objective of achieving a world entirely free of nuclear weapons.

Related Subject(s): Disarmament
Sustainable Development Goals:
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