In human resources development, education occupies a central role. It is the means for providing literacy and passing on knowledge from one generation to another. The advancement of knowledge through research is an output of education. The acquisition of skills useful in economic activity also is a function of education. In a world where there are wide differences in technology used in economic activities, the capacity to acquire and propagate existing technology and to develop new technology depends, among other things, on education. Since education usually endows its recipient with an income-earning asset, access to education determines, in part, the distribution of earning power in society. Therefore the means of access to education contributes to social mobility. For these reasons, policy makers in developing countries of the region have attached much importance to education. In formulating and implementing policies in education there have emerged several patterns and many difficult questions in the developing countries of the region. In this chapter current developments in education in the ESCAP region are surveyed and some major questions are raised.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development
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