1945

National development context

Guatemala is in Central America bordered by Mexico on the north and west, El Salvador on the south, and Honduras and Belize on the east. It has a surface area of 108,889 square kilometres, two thirds of which is mountainous, with dense jungles in the north and fertile plains on the coast. Of the 13.22 percent arable land, 5.6 percent is used for permanent harvesting. The climate is subtropical, hot and humid in the lowlands, and temperate in the highlands. The most important natural resources include petroleum, nickel, precious minerals (including gold), fish and gum sapota. Guatemala is at risk from natural disasters with occasional violent earthquakes. The Caribbean coast is extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development
Countries: Guatemala
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