1945

Introduction

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In 2016, the global number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) reached an all-time high. A staggering 28.8 million people were newly displaced in 2015 within their own countries by conflict and disasters triggered by natural hazards (hereinafter: disasters). Tens of millions of IDPs live in protracted displacement, suffering from marginalization and a multitude of vulnerabilities. This number continues to increase from year to year for many reasons, most notably due to contemporary conflict dynamics, weak conflict-resolution mechanisms, and the growing number of people exposed to natural hazards and ensuing disasters. At the same time, global IDP numbers are growing because many IDPs, without real prospects for better lives, depend on humanitarian protection and assistance for years or even decades, while others may have never received humanitarian aid and remain stuck at the margins of society. In other words, their displacement is protracted because they are prevented from achieving or unable to move towards durable solutions.

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