Middle East

In 1999, United Nations involvement in the Middle East peace process continued through its peacekeeping operations, the good offices of the Secretary-General and programmes of economic, social and other forms of assistance, as well as active participation in multilateral negotiations. During the first six months of the year, the peace process, which began in Madrid, Spain, in 1991, stagnated, due, among other things, to the accelerated establishment of new and the expansion of existing Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory. Following the election of a new Israeli Government in May, the peace process regained momentum in early September with the signing of the Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The Memorandum set out to resolve outstanding issues, such as those pertaining to the permanent status negotiations, and set a timetable for implementing previous commitments.

Related Subject(s): United Nations
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