Impact of population dynamics on the different generations and on care issues in the framework of social protection

The preceding chapter dealt with the issue of the care crisis in Latin America, particularly as it relates to existing tensions between paid and unpaid work, with special emphasis on the distribution of work by gender. The entry of women into the workforce, according to their income levels and fertility, is considered to be of the utmost importance. This chapter complements that analysis in several ways. First, it takes a long-range view of demographic change, by showing how the segment of care-dependent older persons is growing and causing a radical change in the age distribution of those who need care. This ageing trend means that the care burden is shifting progressively from children towards older persons, whose care needs will be even greater because of their age. Second, the care burden is shifting from the generic (unpaid work as a whole) to the specific: the care of those who have or could potentially develop age- or health-related problems.

Related Subject(s): Economic and Social Development
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