Migration trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)

Africa accounts for one-quarter of the world’s land mass and one-tenth of its population, and is the continent with the most mobile populations in the world (Curtin, 1997). In 2000, there were 16.3 million international migrants in Africa, accounting for some 9 per cent of global migrant stocks. Refugees have always been an important factor, but by 2000 both the numbers and the global share of refugees had declined from, respectively, 5.4 million or 33 per cent in 1990, to 3.6 million or 22 per cent. During that same period, the number of non-refugee migrants rose by nearly 2 million to reach 12.7 million in 2000 (UN, 2003). The proportion of females among the 16.3 million international migrants rose from 42 per cent in the 1970s to 46 per cent in the 1990s, and to 46.7 per cent in 2000 (Zlotnik, 2004).

Related Subject(s): Migration
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