This paper reviews existing policies aimed at engaging diasporas for development purposes, and discusses the policy context and factors that facilitate their mobilization. It addresses a number of key policy challenges in the light of ongoing national practices, general research evidence, and IOM’s research and operational experience. National policy approaches and a growing number of pilot programmes are reviewed, providing a combined analysis of policies and programmes. Considering that attention at national and international level is largely focused on remittances and remittance policies, this paper also examines how policymakers could enhance the non-financial contributions made by diasporas. The material presented in this document aims to inform policymakers in home and host countries on existing practices and to provide a guide for those engaged in formulating policies to engage diasporas as active partners for development, in particular in countries of origin.

Related Subject(s): Migration
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