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African Governance Report IV - 2016

Measuring Corruption in Africa - The International Dimension Matters

image of African Governance Report IV - 2016

This 4th edition of the African Governance Report provides a critique of perception-based measurements of corruption as well as an assessment of existing alternative, mostly mixed, measures of corruption. It highlights that pure perception-based measurements are highly subjective and do not provide insights into the institutional and policy reforms needed to combat corruption and improve economic governance. They also fail to take into account the international dimension of corruption. The report argues that the problem of corruption has to be assessed and addressed in the context of overall economic governance, taking into consideration both its domestic and international dimensions. It also presents policy recommendations related to improving transparency and accountability, enhancing ownership and participation in the fight against corruption, building credible national economic governance institutions, and improving the regional and global economic governance architecture.

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Economic governance institutions, corruption and structural transformation

The main challenge for African countries remains how to sustain positive socioeconomic outcomes that are resulting from the structural transformation processes. Three main conclusions emerge from this chapter. First, although a number of requisites are important to achieve structural transformation in African countries, good governance still holds a central place. Indeed, the Africa-owned Agenda 2063 clearly reaffirms that “Africa shall be a continent where democratic values, culture, practices, universal principles of human rights,…justice and the rule of law are entrenched” (African Union Commission, 2015). Second, in assessing the magnitude of corruption in Africa, far more attention should be given to decision-making processes and their implementation. The institutional perspective is critical, as highlighted in Agenda 2063, which states that “Africa shall also have capable institutions and transformative leadership in place at all levels. Corruption and impunity will be a thing of the past”. Third, in order to maintain its positive structural transformation trajectory, Africa needs to maintain good governance and build robust governance institutions, not only to combat corruption, but also to accelerate and sustain its efforts towards social and economic development.

English

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